As such, Timbuktu, a city in the modern-day West African country of Mali, became a center for both trade and learning. All the east coast traders had to do was cross the Sahara to get there, which was no easy feat. The caravans would be guided by highly paid who knew the desert and could ensure safe passage from their fellow desert. Gold Salt Trade Video If you feel that this video content violates the Adobe , you may report this content by filling out this quick form. The main thing that they would import was salt. One of the most famous was the ancient kingdom of Ghana.
Pretty soon, Arab traders set up salt mining operations in Taghaza and Taoudenni. The first ran through the western desert from modern Morocco to the , the second from modern to the area. No one knew if they were honest. That's right, for thousands of years, and even to a certain degree today, the most valuable goods to cross the Sahara were gold and salt. Ghana offered the traders protection, for a fee. The Sahara Desert Salt from the Desert The answer came from the nomads of the desert, the Berber people, who had long been crossing this route. Salt was important for replacing fluids and preserving food in the tropical climate south of the Sahara.
The Muslim faith spread along the routes and soon, both sides of the Sahara were Muslim. The , about 100 kilometres 62 mi , was a route in northern , linking in Lower Saxony with the port of in Schleswig-Holstein , which required more salt than it could produce itself. They craved the precious metal that would add so much to their personal splendor and prestige. You notice the crystals and taste them; they're salt. This system worked for everyone. Gold, however, was much easier to come by. The left and right sides of your equation are equals.
Based on the last picture, why do you think many Africans wanted to convert to Islam after the split of the city? The spread of Islam across North Africa in the 7th century dramatically increased trans-Saharan trade. In North Africa, they would give safe passage to the camel caravans, and had a whole expansions of markets just for West African goods. That said, the trade routes didn't really take off until Islam spread throughout the region, meaning that merchants could expect similar laws and similar cultures on both sides of the Sahara. There, and in other North African cities, Berber traders had increased contact with Islam, encouraging conversions, and by the 8th century, Muslims were traveling to Ghana. The trade route was the easternmost of the central routes. Perhaps more importantly, it ensured that no trade secrets slipped out.
They also imported from to shape blades and other objects. But what if you could not easily get salt, and without it you could not survive? The king of Ghana was very smart. Other trade routes included Gao to Tunis and Cairo to Agadez. Ghana set up the rules of trade. This process sounds a little strange, but it served a couple of purposes. A typical caravan would have around 1,000 camels with some caravans having over 10,000 camels. The trade routes from Mali only go through the Sahara, up to North Africa.
Since salt was very abundant in the North of Mali, but they did not have much themselves, they would have to import it, and they could do so easily. In this lesson, we're going to take a look at the gold and salt trade across the Sahara, explore its long history, and discuss how it really took off after the spread of Islam to West Africa. How do you think Muslims in other parts of the world might have thought about this? This solved the problem of speaking different languages and risking working with people you did not know or trust. However, a century later, new routes bypassed Audoghost and moved toward newer goldfields. The north had salt mines. Many local merchants became quite wealthy.
Islam and the Growth of Trade Like I said, these routes existed for hundreds of years, but they really became something incredible after the rise of Islam during the early Middle Ages. The process continues until a deal is reached. If the Silk road or Gold Salt trade did not exist today the people that live in West Africa may have never advanced or maybe could have even died. The West African states imported highly trained slave soldiers. The survival of a caravan was precarious and would rely on careful coordination.
The route is paved except for a 200 km section in northern Niger, but border restrictions still hamper traffic. Islamic traders entered the region and began to trade for gold and slaves from Western Africa. Every Akan knew how to find tiny grains of gold sparkling in the river beds after a rainfall. One traveler from the late middle ages noted that the price of salt quadrupled between the northern edge of the Ghana empire and an area just north of the Wangara region. In what direction did Islam first expand from Arabia? Traders shipped salt via , to Lübeck, which supplied all the coasts of the.
The Perspective of the World. Large caravans were important because they offered protection from bandits. The trade lasted for centuries, and was partially responsible for the introduction of Islam to the Berbers, and consequently West Africa. The humanbody can survive without gold, but it can't without salt. This trade route was somewhat less efficient and only rose to great prominence when there was turmoil in the west such as during the conquests.