Try to fit in 12 words avoiding abbreviations and useless words. Commonly, the author will start by presenting the general concept Corruption, for example. Literature reviews are a basis for research in nearly every academic field. All academic writing is part of one never-ending conversation: an ongoing dialogue among scholars and researchers across continents, centuries, and subject areas. Find Models Use the exercise of reviewing the literature to examine how authors in your discipline or area of interest have composed their literature reviews.
However, the goal of a lit review is not just to list out summaries of sources; rather, it is to notice a central trend or principle that is seen within all of the publications. A narrow-scope literature review may be included as part of a journal article presenting new research, serving to situate the current study within the body of the relevant literature and to provide context for the reader. Problem formulation -- which topic or field is being examined and what are its component issues? All contect is from The Literature Review created by Dr. Journal Of Advanced Nursing, 50 2 , 204-211. Presumably, your original research has emerged from one of those open questions, so the literature review serves as a jumping off point for the rest of your paper.
Consult with a librarian about identifying research databases in other disciplines; almost every discipline has at least one comprehensive database devoted to indexing its research literature. Doing a Literature Search: A Guide for the Social Sciences. If you have to write an undergraduate dissertation, you may be required to begin by writing a literature review. What other sections you include in the body is up to you but include only what is necessary for the reader to locate your study within the larger scholarship framework. A literature review may consist of simple a summary of key sources, but it usually has an organizational pattern and combines both summary and synthesis, often within specific conceptual categories. Integrative reviews, thus, have the potential to build nursing science, informing research, practice, and policy initiatives.
A literature review summarizes and synthesizes the existing scholarly research on a particular topic. Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Sciences. Writing Your Literature Review Once you've settled on how to organize your literature review, you're ready to write each section. This will alleviate any confusion that the reader could have about your paper. Historical reviews are focused on examining research throughout a period of time, often starting with the first time an issue, concept, theory, phenomena emerged in the literature, then tracing its evolution within the scholarship of a discipline. What is a literature review? However, particularly in the social sciences, thinking about research problems from multiple vectors is a key strategy for finding new solutions.
Literature reviews are generally conducted in one of two ways: 1 As a preliminary review before a larger study in order to critically evaluate the current literature and justify why further study and research is required. Use Quotes Sparingly Some short quotes are okay if you want to emphasize a point, or if what the author said just cannot be rewritten in your own words. Is contrary data considered or is certain pertinent information ignored to prove the author's point? As you pore over countless academic articles, consider all the researchers who preceded you and those who will follow. This means that the writing should either be structured chronologically, thematically or methodologically. The structure of your literature review will be based on the patterns you discover. Sometimes you may need to quote certain terms that were coined by the author, not common knowledge, or taken directly from the study.
Please help to this article by more precise citations. You might discover that there are two clear existing schools of thought related to your research question. You can also review the subject indexes of books to find references to specific issues that can serve as the focus of your research. Thinking interdisciplinarily about a research problem can be a rewarding exercise in applying new ideas, theories, or concepts to an old problem. Literature reviews are secondary sources, and as such, do not report any new or original experimental work.
Its main goals are to situate the current study within the body of literature and to provide context for the particular reader. Break Out of Your Disciplinary Box! The theoretical literature review help establish what theories already exist, the relationships between them, to what degree the existing theories have been investigated, and to develop new hypotheses to be tested. Data evaluation -- determining which literature makes a significant contribution to the understanding of the topic. Often this form is used to help establish a lack of appropriate theories or reveal that current theories are inadequate for explaining new or emerging research problems. Database searching is recommended along with grey literature searching. It provides an , appropriate methods and methodologies, what questions are being asked, the key findings, and who the key writers are. A is a list of resources consulted when researching a particular topic.
This approach provides a framework of understanding at different levels i. Use Caution When Paraphrasing When paraphrasing a source that is not your own, be sure to represent the author's information or opinions accurately and in your own words. The literature review must be defined by a guiding concept eg. For example, a literature review that focuses on continuing research about the emergence of German economic power after the fall of the Soviet Union. For example, weave references to other sources into what you are writing but maintain your own voice by starting and ending the paragraph with your own ideas and wording. All contect is from The Literature Review created by Dr.