Factory owners instituted regular hours for workers to ensure that their machines were always producing. In April 1817, New York authorized the construction of the Erie Canal. The positive term was coined by Thomas Carlyle in his 1843 book, Past and Present. The demand for electricity skyrocketed and, very soon, whole metropolitan areas were electrified. The superiority of screw against paddles was taken up by navies. Carnegie gave most of his money to establish many libraries, schools, and universities in the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, and other countries, as well as to establish a pension fund for former employees. Conditions were very poor during the early part of the Industrial Revolution, as factory workers lived in over crowded buildings, with no sewage or sanitation s … ervices.
When the industrial revolution began families had to leave the country side to move to towns and cities to get jobs in factories and therefore, family members couldn't see each other as one another sometimes worked at different factories in different locations, so basically families separated from each other in order to work. The voracious appetite for capital of the great trunk railroads facilitated the consolidation of the nation's financial market in. Businesses searched for cheaper and more efficient ways to create products. In each of these developments, electricity played a major role. Thus, this era could be characterized as laissez-faire. So, unable to compete with the lower cost of mass-produced goods.
Like the first industrial revolution, the second supported population growth and saw most governments protect their national economies with tariffs. The availability of manufactured goods and foodincreased because the railroad provided quick transportation. However, his enterprise was unsuccessful due to the prohibitive cost at the time. The Embargo Act of 1807 forced the United States to manufacture their own goods because they would not be able to trade for foreign goods. This resulted in widespread disease. Engineers started to build narrow, artificial water channels-these were called canals. However, for most of the factory workers, cities were dirty, crowded places where epidemics frequently broke out.
Six days of repair a year was not enough to fix the roads adequately. Railroads and American Economic Growth: Essays in Econometric History. Another vehicle what was new to the war was planes. The term derives from the medieval German lords who legally charged tolls on ships traversing the Rhine without adding anything of value. Ford and others at the company struggled with ways to scale up production in keeping with Henry Ford's vision of a car designed and manufactured on a scale so as to be affordable by the average worker. Why Well let me explain it to you like this: Industrial revolution affected the north a great deal and was all pretty much positive except for the problems that came when immigrants started to coming in.
The roads also improved immensely during this time period. The weapon brought extreme fear to opposition at the beginning of the war as it was something that had never been seen before. Benz began to sell the vehicle advertising it as the Benz Patent Motorwagen in the late summer of 1888, making it the first commercially available automobile in history. The invention of the for doubled the yield of gasoline, which helped alleviate the shortages. Telegraphs were divided into a few types: optical or Helios , morse, and electrical cable. The Second Industrial Revolution, also known as the TechnologicalRevolution of the late 19th century, began at Bessemer Steelbeginnings in the 1860Ã¢?? These prospective workers were looking for wage labor in newly developed factories. By the 1830's there was a need for louder, more powerful instruments that could be heard in new larger concert halls.
This led to a surplus in food. As the decades proceeded, workers continued to gain more rights and safety conditions in cities and factories improved. A to support large corporations B to help women get factory jobs C to reduce work stoppages D to improve their working conditions 4 which of the following was a consequence of the second industrial revolution? The economy was being rebuilt. Railways changed the pace of the Industrial Revolution. Although canals were expensive to build, the economic benefits could be seen immediately. Railroad Companies and Management Railroads gave rise to the development of modern management techniques, such as the use of clear chains of command, statistical reporting, and complex bureaucratic systems.
The Second Industrial Revolution transformed society in significant ways. Historians and economists agree that any industrializing society needs to have an effective transport network, to enable the movement of heavy products and materials around in order to open up access to raw materials, reduce the price of these materials and the resulting goods, break down local monopolies caused by poor transport networks and allow for an integrated economy where regions of the country could specialise. Much of this line is still used by the California Zephyr, although some parts were rerouted or abandoned. It was an inexpensive route from New York to the Old Northwest. When the telegraph became available, companies built telegraph lines along the railroads to keep track of trains. She will start coursework on her doctoral degree in history this fall. In 1802, the first of a series of factory acts passed, limiting labor hours for children, prohibiting the employment of children under 9 years old, and requiring children between 9 and 16 to be educated in math and writing during work.
In 1870, he founded the Standard Oil Company and aggressively ran it until he officially retired in 1897. In a report written in 1842, he stated, 'That the annual loss of life from filth and bad ventilation are greater than the loss from death or wounds in any wars in which the country has been engaged in modern times. In addition they used the best raw materials and controlled the entire production process in their own factory. After the war, everyone began to realize that the United States needed to improve. Sometimes cracks were found which could be filled with powder and blasted open. This was accompanied by the passage of laws that regulated filtered water supplies and minimum standards of water quality. Steam engines were used to transport large loads more quickly and cheaply than by road or canal.