Use and abuse of history summary. Nietzsche, Use and Abuse of History 2019-01-18

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The Use and Abuse of History, or, How the Past is Taught

use and abuse of history summary

To avoid being troubled by the weak and hopeless idlers, and those whose apparent activity is merely neurotic, he looks behind him and stays his course towards the goal in order to breathe. Shakespeare has destroyed everything for us moderns. Sociocultural factors deal with the impact of society and culture on addiction. But in comparison with his son, Bush 41 is a visionary. But in an excess of history the human being stops once more; and without that cover of the unhistorical he would never have started and dared to start.

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Review: The Uses and Abuses of History by Margaret MacMillan

use and abuse of history summary

It appears almost impossible that a strong and full tone will be produced even by the most powerful plucking of the strings. Monumental history is the theatrical costume in which they pretend that their hate for the powerful and the great of their time is a fulfilling admiration for the strong and the great of past times. This is the usual relation of the Greeks and the classical scholars. And no artist would achieve his picture, no field marshal his victory, and no people its freedom, without previously having desired and striven for them in that sort of unhistorical condition. Yes, as if life itself were not a craft which must be learned continuously from the ground up and practised diligently, if we are not to let it produce bunglers and chatterers! Its specific goal is to criticize the nationalizing effects of historical studies following the Franco-Prussian war. We carry on us the marks of that sorrow which an excess of history brings in its train to the men of the modern time. This shows itself in negatives: all is colourless, worn out, badly copied, apathetic.

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Nietzsche, Use and Abuse of History

use and abuse of history summary

It is probable that we, the historically ill, also have to suffer from the countermeasures. Individuality has withdrawn itself to its recesses; it is seen no more from the outside, which makes one doubt if it be possible to have causes without effects. Franklin Roosevelt got us out of that one. That monotonous orthodoxy would sound something like this: the young person has to begin with a knowledge of culture, not at first with a knowledge of life, and even less with life and experience themselves. But only the superior power can judge. For the highest and rarest virtues unite and are lost in it, as an unfathomable sea absorbs the streams that flow from every side. This way, however, leads through human brains! Social learning theory says that people learn behaviors by watching other people be rewarded for that behavior.

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On the Use and Abuse of History for Life

use and abuse of history summary

It is a fearful disease, and yet, if youth had not a natural gift for clear vision, no one would see that it is a disease, and that a paradise of health has been lost. Then one really could misunderstand Hartmann! Youngsters who understand nothing about a war, a diplomatic action, or a trade policy are considered worthy of being introduced to political history. Let the most astonishing thing occur; the crowd of historical neutrals is always in place ready to assess the author even from a great distance. Howard Zinn Introduction Howard Zinn born August 24, 1922, was a very inspirational man in his time. And the rattle reveals the the most striking characteristic of these modern men, the opposition of something inside them to which nothing external corresponds; and the reverse. This is brilliant but way too complex to get into here.

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Howard Zinn: Use and Abuse of History Summary Essay

use and abuse of history summary

Come February 5, I shall be a clerk of the polls for better or worse. And by the same token to say nothing of the entirely unthinking people who write as historians in the naive belief that their own age is exactly right in all its popular views and that to write by the standards of this age generally amounts to being right, a faith in which each and every religion lives and about which, in the case of religions, there is nothing more to say. For now the history of human beings is only the continuation of the history of animals and plants. Nietzsche quotes the lines in German. The idea that the founder of a country was a ruthless murderer would never swing in elementary schools, no matter how much of a reality it is. But nowadays it is no longer that! When he reached the city of Izmir, on the Turkish coast, Masood sent a text message to his elder brother Javed, saying he was preparing to board a boat to Greece. Substance use does not always lead to addiction; many people occasionally use alcohol or certain drugs without being addicted.

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Review: The Uses and Abuses of History by Margaret MacMillan

use and abuse of history summary

Moreover, his reception history explores what it has meant at other points in the history of Christianity to call a text 'Scripture'. We ourselves may be glad for once in a way that we see it all in the shining magic mirror of a philosophical parodist, in whose brain the time has come to an ironical consciousness of itself, to a point even of wickedness, in Goethe's phrase. Many of them were herded into ditches and then mowed down with automatic rifles. He has become a tuneful passive thing, which through its resounding tone also works on other passive things of the same type, until finally the entire air of an age is full of such delicate reverberations, twanging away in concord. Now, it is precisely in those places where the highest and rarest matter is to be presented, that it is absolutely outrageous to find the deliberate state of indifference, something put on for show, the acquired flat and sober art of seeking out motives, especially when the vanity of the historian drives toward this objective behaviour of indifference. His honesty, his more courageous and more genuine character, must at some point or other struggle against what will only be constantly repeated, relearned, and imitated.

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The Shocking Savagery of America’s Early History

use and abuse of history summary

Only it is to be a clever egoism subject to a few limitations, in order that it may consolidate itself in an enduring way. A piece of clothing, whose invention required no brain power, whose production took no time, an article of clothing derived from foreigners and imitated as casually as possible, instantly counts among the Germans as a contribution to German national dress. That which was documented about what happened so long ago, was done by a person who spread the story or wrote it down from their perspective. For he wishes only to live like the beast, neither weary with things nor in pain, and yet he wants it in vain, because he does not desire it as the animal does. He ranted about the significant separation between the rich and the poor class, the lack of patriotism during the Revolutionary War, and the idea that the American Constitution was written to solely benefit the wealthy. And so how unlikely the frequency of historical talent is! Now not only does life no longer rule and control knowledge about the past, but also all the border markings have been ripped up, and everything that used to exist has come crashing down onto people.

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Study and Use of Military History

use and abuse of history summary

We can only explain the extraordinarily wide influence of by the fact that the Delphic priests had an exact knowledge of the past: and, similarly, only he who is building up the future has a right to judge the past. The provocation of thoughts about the past, it is clear, can unearth memories that we might choose to be without; and this is a matter briefly introduced in relation to a postwar Germany where modern history was simply excised from the school curriculum, thus enabling a generation to deny all knowledge of who Adolf Hitler even was. Thus, if the monumental consideration of the past rules over the other forms of analyzing it, I mean, over the antiquarian and the critical methods, then the past itself suffers harm. Even those who are certainly hostile to this and do not want it are constantly breathing the spirit of Christianity along with the immortal spirit of old classical culture, and if anyone were to succeed in separating out these two elements from the living air which envelops the inner man,then not much would be left over with which one might still eke out a spiritual life. It is an attempt to gain a past from which we might spring, as against that from which we do spring; always a dangerous attempt, as it is difficult to find a limit to the denial of the past, and the second natures are generally weaker than the first. The most noble and highest things have no effect at all on the masses. But they are at war with each other: violent measures seem necessary, in order to escape destruction one's self.

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The Stakes of History: On the Use and Abuse of Jewish History for Life by David N. Myers

use and abuse of history summary

In any case I may be allowed my say. Feeling his way back, having a premonition of things, a scent of almost lost tracks, an instinctively correct reading even of a past which has been written over, a swift understanding of the erased and reused parchments, which have, in fact, been erased and written over many times—these are his gifts and his virtues. Whether there are any grounds for such an epistemology beyond Nietzsche's own self-aggrandizement is an open question. To bring this phenomenon to light as a remarkable symptom of our time is now every bit as necessary as it may be painful. There are people who possess so little of this force that they bleed to death incurably from a single experience, a single pain, often even from a single tender injustice, as from a really small bloody scratch. But I must be allowed to ascribe this much to myself on account of my profession as a classical philologist, for I would not know what sense classical philology would have in our age unless it is to be effective by its inappropriateness for the times, that is, in opposition to the age, thus working on the age, and, we hope, for the benefit of a coming time. Principally by destroying the superstition that this kind of education is necessary.

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About the Epidemic

use and abuse of history summary

Each of the three existing types of history is right only for a single soil and a single climate; on every other one it grows up into a destructive weed. Pain and boredom is our being and the world is excrement, —nothing else. When he meets his biological parents, he realizes that they are both addicts. You may speak of its rawness and intemperateness—but it is not yet old and wise enough to be acquiescent. The story of Christopher Columbus is a great example that Zinn uses. For as a first priority they want only one thing: to live at any price.


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