The open-minded children run outside constantly, and Dill in particular has no house of his own, making him extremely free. When the children return home, they find Aunt Alexandra waiting for them. Calpurnia explains that members of the black community prefer to speak their own form of English, which shows that their dialect helps to identify them as a group, an idea which has contemporary reverberations with respect to the issue of introducing Ebonics in American public schools. Atticus then takes Scout and the other children home. Those who have power must be careful not to use it cruelly against the innocent and harmless. After giving a very legal definition of rape that clears up nothing for Scout, Atticus asks why Scout doesn't ask Calpurnia. Chapter 28 Jem and Scout walk past the Radley house on the way to the school, where the pageant and country fair will be held.
He is moved to tears, knowing how little they have. Dubose asks Scout and Jem to read to her for one more week. Francis escaped and ran off and hid in the old kitchen separate from the house. He took a train from Meridian to Maycomb Junction, fourteen miles away, and covered the remaining distance on foot and on the back of a cotton wagon. . Chapter 7 Analysis Boo Radley is originally portrayed as mean and a freak.
They model it after an unpleasant neighbor of theirs, Mr. Scout lives almost exclusively in a middle-class white world, and as the book tends to stay centered around her own experience, it almost never moves into other racial circles. Alexandria wanted Scout to become a lady and Scout wanted to just do what she wanted to do. Atticus doesn't want his children to inflict cruelty upon the innocent mockingbirds just because they have the power to, just as he doesn't like to shoot for sport. Dubose yells to Jem that he broke Miss Maudie's grape arbor that morning, which is untrue, and yells at Scout for wearing overalls. However, Jem and Scout lack the pride that Aunt Alexandra considers commensurate with being a Finch.
Late at night Scout was woken by Dill. Calpurnia, who is minding the children, takes Jem and Scout to her church one day. One day a mean dog was infront of the Finche's home. He suggests that Boo prefers to be shut away from such a cruel world. He unbuttons his jacket and waistcoat to speak to them man-to-man- the jury are all men, and all white. The trial is thus about more than simply setting a man free - Atticus seems sure that he won't win, but he suggests it will cause a stir in the town that will have major repercussions. Jem told Scout to wait on top of the bed and Jem made a tentative swipe under the bed.
After a few minutes of waiting, Aunt Alexandria came out and asked them what was going on. Chapter 25 It is now September, and Jem and Scout are about to go to sleep on their cots on the back porch. Scout also finds out that it was Bob Ewell who has made the accusations against Tom Robinson. She thought it was a snake and she walked over to Jems room and quietly knocked on his door and asked Jem what a snake felt like and told him that she thought one was under her bed. Dill is staying with his aunt and provides new ideas for games for the children. Scout is angry at him for not taking her side and fights him. After collection time, the Reverend counts the money collected and announces that they must raise ten dollars to give to.
To make matters worse, Atticus has to leave for two weeks for an emergency session with the state legislature. Those who are forced to stay inside are victims of society's influence, especially Boo Radley and Tom Robinson, who both live within their respective forms of jail for much of the book. Atticus does not want them playing cards, but they say they were not using cards - they were only using matches. The night of the pageant, in Chapter 28, is filled with foreshadowing of the violent events to occur. Scout watches, amazed, and begins to scream. Atticus told Scout that she was going to get crap at school and that she should fight with her head and not her hands.
The new school year starts, and Scout finds second grade just as boring as first. The mockingbird theme will also appear at the end of the book when Boo rescues Jem and Scout. In the previous section, we saw the twelve-year-old Jem indignantly urging Scout to act more like a girl, indicating his growing awareness of adult social roles and expectations. Chapter 11 Summary In this chapter Atticus, Jem and Scout are on their way to the business district in Maycomb where Mrs. Throughout these chapters, Boo is portrayed as a friend to the children and a caretaker of sorts. Despite the differences between the black and white congregations, Scout notes that most aspects of the service are very similar, including the nature of the sermon itself.
For Christmas, Uncle Jack gives Scout and Jem each an air rifle. Something is crushed against her and she hears metal ripping. Scout asked Atticus if he defended black people and Atticus answered that of course he does. Atticus' brother Jack comes to stay with the Finches over Christmas. After she has recounted her story, Atticus paints a picture of her to the jury as a hapless, exploited member of the Ewell clan, often beaten by her drunken father. Atticus and the children go Finch's Landing, a large house with a special staircase leading to the rooms of Simon Finch's four daughters that once allowed Finch to keep track of their comings and goings.
Back at the trial Atticus is summing up. Chapter Eighteen The next witness is Mayella, the supposed victim. After bandaging Scouts hand, Uncle Jack went downstairs and talked to Atticus; Scout listened in. That's why it's a sin to kill a mockingbird. When Uncle Jack got off the train and Scout and Jem first saw him he had two packages. She yells something about Atticus and Jem gets angry at her.
Scout immediately felt like Jem was trying to tell her what to do just like everybody else was doing and she told Jem that he had no right to tell her what to do. Dubose makes remarks about Atticus's case, Jem responds with detachment and keeps his anger hidden. Back home, Scout sits with Atticus, who begins to read her one of the scary children's stories he has picked up, which ironically mirrors the story of Boo Radley. The church is simple and very poor; however, the people are kind to Scout and Jem and, even though they have little, they rally to support Tom Robinson's wife. This first introduction of Aunt Alexandra presents her as a dominating and traditional presence with strong opinions about how Scout ought to behave. In the black community, the needs of the poorest members are felt by everyone else in the group.