His later life was not the flashy success that his ealier life had been. Cortés banned all in Mesoamerica. Two natives were captured who learned Spanish and either from mistranslations or misleading on behalf of the prisoners, it was confirmed that there was plenty of gold up for grabs. He would never be governor again. With the swift decision of the bold, a factor indeterminable by numerical calculation, the Spanish commander chose the latter course. The something really good for the Spaniards happened.
Meanwhile, Hernan Cortes, a young Spanish-born noble, came to Hispaniola in the West Indies in 1504. In theory, the owner of an encomienda protected and educated the natives living there, but in reality it was a thinly-veiled form of slavery. Defeat of de Narváez In April 1520, Cortés received news from the coast that a much larger party of Spaniards under the command of had arrived. Of course, the Aztecs paid a very high price for that decision. The allies were also put to work in many other ways than fighting. It was just a matter of time before this tension developed into a real conflict.
Second, Cortés showed he could prevail against the Aztecs even when fighting at a distinct disadvantage. Upon the advice of his two translators - Jeronimo Aguilar, a shipwreck survivor, and Malitzin, an indigenous woman who spoke both Maya and Nahuatla - CortÃ©s began to seek out native allies who were already hostile to the Aztecs. The Aztec capital, TenochtitlÃ¡n, was a splendid complex of cities, lakes, and canals that served as the centre of Mesoamerican civilisation. An engraving of Hernando Cortés. The second expedition was more successful, since the Spaniards that took sail had a more friendly contact with the natives and were gifted with masks adorned with gold and later gold pieces.
That disease killed thousands of inhabitants. Narváez himself was captured, while most of his men, enticed by stories of Aztec riches, readily threw in their lot with Cortés. New York: Bantam Books, 2008. Longman: London and New York, 1994. In May 1521, Cortes returned to attack the weakened people, claimed victory, and left the cities in ruins. He returned to Mexico after his failing with the king and partook in several more expeditions throughout the New World. On 8 July 1520 the Aztecs attempted to destroy the Spanish for good at the.
Cortés bought both ship and cargo, then induced its adventurous crew to join his expedition. In May 1521, Cortes returned to Tenochtitlan, and after a three-month siege the city fell. This young and warlike nation was highly successful in spreading its reach and gaining fabulous wealth, but then all too quickly came the strange visitors from another world. After his death Cuitláhuac was selected as Emperor. This seems a more reasonable explanation than the traditional view, now rejected by modern historians as a post-conquest rationalising fiction, that Motecuhzoma reverently believed that Cortés was the returning god of Aztec.
Gathering local allies from his Tlaxcala base, and now supported by Texcoco, Cortés first won a great battle near Otumba and then returned to Tenochtitlan ten months later, laying siege to the city with a fleet of specially built warships. Cortez, not happy with the news, decided to leave Santiago de Cuba, thus evading orders. What would the Spaniards say if they saw me like this? On the way to Tenochtitlan, he clashed with local Indians, but many of these peoples, including the nation of , became his allies after learning of his plan to conquer their hated Aztec rulers. Talk of the New World and the allure of wealth continued to captivate young Cortés. Cortés lands at Cozumel Cortés spent some time at Cozumel island, trying to convert the locals to Christianity and achieving mixed results.
But in 1526 he was suspended in his role as Governor. He was intelligent and well educated and picked up on much of the local dialects. The conquered peoples no longer needed to provide their children for the daily sacrifices. In the ensuing sack of what remained of the city, the Tlaxcalan warriors spared few. Thus warned, Cortés accelerated the organization and preparation of his expedition. The Tlaxcalans were ruthless in their revenge and slaughtered men, , and children wholesale, even shocking the hardened Spanish veterans with their atrocities.
When he first encountered the , he offered to free them from the Mexica in exchange for a military alliance. In May 1521, a group of twelve Franciscans arrived in accordance with this request and began the Christianising of the region. And look how handsome these children of mine are! Hernan Cortes Family Hernan Cortes was first married to Catalina Suarez in 1522, the kinswoman of the Cuban governor whom Cortes had defied in undertaking the Mexican conquest. Another answer: The spanish soldiers made effective use of theirmilitary technology against the aztecs Two reasons as to why the Spanish explorer Cortes and his smallarmy were able to defeat the Aztec Empire are as follows: First,they had the advantage of technology, especially in regard to theirfire-arms and body-armor. Unbeknownst to Cortés, his arrival coincided with an important prophecy. For further reading he recommends Aztec Warfare: Imperial Expansion and Political Control , by Ross Hassig; The Spanish Invasion of Mexico 1519—1521 , by Charles M. One: The Aztecs were lead by a superstitious, impressionable and weak leader in the person of Moctezuma.
. By the time Cortés returned in the spring of 1521 for the final assault, however, the city had been largely free of the disease for six months. In his later life he was mostly ignored and barely respected. He became fascinated with tales of ' New World explorations. Even so, the siege of Tenochtitlan was not a given. In 1540, he retired to Spain and spent much of his last years seeking recognition and rewards for his achievements. New York: Grove Press, 2004.