As the sun goes down, Santiago begins to feel a kind of companionship with the marlin. Knowing that the warbler cannot understand him, the old man tells the bird to stay and rest up before heading toward shore. Santiago is culturally a Spaniard and therefore a European. Recalling his exhaustion, Santiago decides that he must sleep some if he is to kill the marlin. Living in Cuba in the late 1940s, one of Hemingway's favorite pastimes was fishing in his boat, The Pilar. He kills the first shark easily, but while he does this, the other shark is ripping at the marlin underneath the boat. Santiago notices that his hand is bleeding from where the line has cut it.
After a final move to Idaho, Hemingway took his own life in 1961, leaving behind his wife and three sons. When he returns, he wishes the old man luck, and Santiago goes out to sea. Gingerly, he allows the line out in order to let the fish swallow the hook more deeply before he tugs to secure it. Having secured the marlin to the skiff, Santiago draws the sail and lets the trade wind push him toward the southwest. He decides to cut all his other lines so that nothing will interfere with his great catch. Santiago is amazed by its size, two feet longer than the skiff.
Tired and losing hope, Santiago sits and waits for the next attacker, a single shovel-nosed shark. He first published The Old Man and the Sea in its entirety in Life magazine in 1952. Santiago wishes he had Manolin with him to help. Ernest Hemingway grew up outside a suburb of Chicago, spending summers with his family in rural Michigan. The simplicity of Santiago's house further develops our view of Santiago as materially unsuccessful. She comments to her partner that she didn't know sharks had such beautiful tails. With the glimpse of vision he had, Santiago saw the slain beast laying on its back, crimson blood disseminating into the azure water.
But none of these scars were fresh. He sees a bird, which leads him to some flying fish. . During the homeward journey, however—his third day at sea— sharks attack the boat, tearing the flesh from the marlin. A huge Marlin has found Santiago's bait and this sets off a very long struggle between the two. And as an émigré to Cuba, a journey made by many Spaniards from Europe, he is both a Cuban symbolized by the image on his wall of the patroness of Cuba, the Virgin of Cobre and an American.
Santiago steps out of the boat, carrying the mast back to his shack. After enjoying a few moments of pride, a pack of sharks detects the blood in the water and follow the trail to Santiago's skiff. Just then, the marlin comes out of the water quickly and descends into the water again. The next day, Manolin finds Santiago asleep in his shack. Although wounded and weary, the old man feels a deep empathy and admiration for the marlin, his brother in suffering, strength, and resolve. The boy fetches the old man some coffee and the daily papers with the baseball scores, and watches him sleep. He considers himself lucky that his lot in life does not involve hunting anything so great as the stars or the moon.
Despite the battles at sea, the marlins and sharks are both butchered and used by humans on land; their antagonisms mean nothing on shore. Like the case of Santiago and Manolin, this equalization demonstrates the novella's thematic concern with the unity of nature - including humanity - a unity which ultimately helps succor the heroic victim of great tragedy. This triumph of indefatigable spirit over exhaustible material resources is another important theme of the novel. The first to attack is a great mako shark, which Santiago manages to slay with the harpoon. The struggle takes its toll on Santiago. The two take the old man's supplies from his shack to his boat and enjoy coffee at an early morning place that serves fisherman.
Although The Old Man and the Sea takes place in September of 1950, it exists outside or just at the edge of these and other significant events of the period. Summary There is an old fisherman in Cuba called , who has gone eighty-four days without a catch. He seemed to hang in the air above the old man in the skiff. He decides to eat a tuna he has caught in order to give him strength for his ordeal. At the third turn, Santiago sees the fish and is amazed by its size. He has to hold onto the line with all his might so that the marlin does not break free from the boat.
The novella subsequently became a Book-of-the-Month-Club selection and a best seller. That afternoon there are tourists on the Terrace. His last major work, Across the River and into the Trees, was condemned as unintentional self-parody, and people began to think that Hemingway had exhausted his store of ideas. Incredibly poor, he sleeps in a shack and sets out each day on a small skiff to try to catch himself some fish to eat or sell. The old man fashions a new harpoon by attaching his knife to a broken oar stick. At noon, a big fish, which he knows is a marlin, takes the bait that Santiago has placed one hundred fathoms deep in the waters.