This organization follows the development of political theorizing during the age of Enlightenment, most famously the theory of State power developed by French philosopher 1689-1755. Even a few decades back political scientists were neglected. The chief victims of the capitalists' drive to amass profits are the workers blue, white, and pink collared , whose lack of property in the means of production forces them to sell their labor power to the capitalists just in order to live. That is when a political scientist or researcher proceeds to discuss something in a particular way or form he uses model. With all the more interesting questions falling outside the bounds of scientific investigation, political science often strikes the new graduate student as an unending war waged against his or her curiosity. Political science is primarily an empirical science and in that sense it comes to be associated with sharing and application of power and this power is applied by the government.
Planning, industrialisation liberalisation, globalisation all are involved with economic problems. In modern time the politics is treated with a very broader outlook and it is seen primarily as public affairs. It is keen to establish harmony between the power of state and the freedom of individual. In this latter form especially, political science overlaps with. Physics and chemistry are physical science but there are also social sciences and political science is a prominent branch of social science. This only needs to be said because so many of Marx's critics have made their reputations on belaboring the obvious.
According to Aristotle a polity is a type of social organisation and also a political organisation where political authority was exercised by large number of people whose main concern was to achieve general welfare. A proper definition of politics can, for academic purposes, be divided into two parts—the authoritative and coercive use of power or means or methods and the other part is for what purpose this power is used. I think it would be very much helpful to refer another definition given by Almond, Powell, Strom and Dalton Comparative Politics Today. Only the authority can do all these tasks. Though both are constructed on the basis of empirical data and facts, value judgments enter in the analysis imperceptibly. During the Middle Ages, for example, the major concerns revolved around the problem of where the state stood in relation to man and his God.
But, as I said earlier, where there is life, there are contradictions, and where there are contradictions, there is hope. This definition highlights another very vital aspect of political science. The central idea of science is the experimentation and after that correct prediction and it is unfortunate that these two have hardly any scope in political science and because of this political science cannot be placed in the same rank of physics or chemistry. The large scale application of scientific methods and sophisticated tools has brought about sea change in the study of the subject. In spite of these differences the contribution of each discipline cannot be minimised whatever small that contribution be. The economists offer their suggestions while the policy makers may or may not accept that.
While some students choose most of their courses from within one or two subfields, most take a wide variety of courses that span different areas. Theory : A theory is a supposition of a system of ideas intended to explain something. These differences help establish separate identity. Naturally the scope of politics as an art of government has to a considerable extent enhanced. There is a new subject called political sociology which is a combination of sociology and politics. In this sense politics is used to mean as a type of instrument or vehicle to achieve definite purpose.
How I chose to major in Political Science Personal stories from recent graduates on why they chose to major in Political Science. Second is analysis of the data. Mackenzie in his small and illuminating work Politics and Social Science makes the following observation which is pertinent in more than one respects. Particularly Plato, Aristotle and Hegel were primarily concerned with the analysis of philosophical problems and issues and while doing so they either made passing remarks about politics or treated politics as subsidiary part of philosophy. His advice to the prince has produced a plethora of questions and created an atmosphere of heated controversy. The application of coercive method is also related to human decisions. However, the nature or politics has assumed new forms and dimensions in different ages but politics still exists.
Now the interesting fact is that various scholars and political scientists have made sincere attempts to view its scope from their respective angles and perspective resulting in wide variations in the treatment of scope. Today attempts are being made to make the subject scientific and for this purpose researchers, students and scholars are trying hard to make the subject objective as well as value-free. Numerous social, political organisations also play crucial part and this has been necessitated by the growing complex character of society. This aspect of political science can be overlooked only at the detriment of the importance of subject. The various units of environment influence each other.
Their acts were combinedly called politics. Politics as Compromise and Consensus : This particular aspect of politics is seen as very important because in any state there inhabit different individuals. Whenever any learned person began to think about politics he did it in the background of philosophy. This is the foundation for a wide variety of offerings at the 300 and 400 levels, such as American foreign policy, global environmental politics, international political economy, and international conflict. In international politics we are well acquainted with the term power politics.
Persons, organisations and groups debate among them on any political issues but at the same time they arrive at agreed terms or solutions. That is only through the exercise of power and influence an individual or organisation can get what he it wants. We are dedicated to developing understandings of institutions, practices, and relations that constitute public life and modes of inquiry that promote citizenship. It examines, from different angles the relations of politics with economy, culture and other aspects of life. In his opinion politics is a practical activity emphasis added about the discourse and struggle over organisation of human possibilities and in this sense political science can be treated as a study of power emphasis added.
This is where political science enters the picture, forwith a few honorable exceptionsit presents a view of society that either misses, or dismisses, or at best trivializes the fact that the political game is rigged. They recognised that they needed to be a combination of political economist, political geographer and political psychologist because as administrators they did not find problems neatly divided into political science, economics, sociology et at, the problems, had to be handled in their totality. The subject is variously defined and includes many notions. This work has an ideological function that is anything but trivial. Today we make serious attempts to divorce political theory from political philosophy but the task is not so easy. Political theory also includes politics which has been explained in our earlier analysis.