Although its penalties are extremely harsh by modern standards, they were intended to limit what a wronged person was permitted to do in. How would you argue for and against the justice of this principle? The significance of the monument The Law Code of Hammurabi is valuable first and foremost as a model, being a treatise on the exercise of judiciary power in the context of Mesopotamian science, in which the particular never governs the general. In regards to significance, The Stele of Hammurabi is first and foremost known for its remarkable description that constitutes the majority of the bottom portion of the stele. The Babylonian god Marduk was the chief god of the city of Babylonia. Challenge the groups to include information about Babylonian society that they have learned in this lesson in the script. The public display of the code on steles allowed the people of Babylon to read the code themselves and understand how it applied to their lives. .
It is now in the Louvre in Paris. Carried there by a prince from the neighboring country of Elam in Iran in the 12th century B. Social structure class, gender, etc. I am the pious prince, deep in prayer to the great deities. The stele was found at the site of Susa, in modern-day Iran, by excavators who were led by Jacques de Morgan at the beginning of the 20th century.
However, there is no provision for to alter the prescribed punishment. Ancient Time or a History of the Early World, Part 1. In writings from shortly after his death, Hammurabi is commemorated mainly for three achievements: bringing victory in war, bringing peace, and bringing justice. Nonetheless, fragments of previous law codes have been found and it is unlikely that the were directly inspired by the Code of Hammurabi. Number sixty indicates the existence of something akin to a sharecropping system in which one person farms land in exchange for land in five years.
In the regulations regarding land use nos. With allies among the plain states, Elam attacked and destroyed the kingdom of Eshnunna, destroying a number of cities and imposing its rule on portions of the plain for the first time. If the first wife and a female slave of a free man both bear him sons, and the father acknowledges the sons of the female slave as his own, then the sons of the female slave shall share equally with the sons of the first wife in the paternal inheritance after the death of the father. No crude heathenism Finally, the Israelite code was not cluttered with the crude polytheism of heathenism, nor with its superstition. If the poorly constructed house causes the death of the homeowner's slave, the carpenter shall provide an equivalent slave for the homeowner.
If desired, attempt to arrive at a class consensus in one sentence. If a merchant loans grain or silver at one rate but later tries to collect at a higher rate, that merchant shall forfeit both the capital and the interest. The structure of the code is very specific, with each offense receiving a specified punishment. It is very interesting that the Jasper Seal, found at Tel Megiddo bearing the name of King Jeroboam who ruled in the Northern Kingdom of Israel, would contain the symbol for their rival, the Southern Kingdom of Judah. Nonetheless, the Code of Hammurabi shows marked differences from these earlier law codes and ultimately proved more influential.
The American Journal of Theology. What role does the government play? Read through the lesson plan and visit the websites you plan to have your students use. If a free man has sexual relations with his father's first wife, who is the mother of sons, after the death of his father, that man shall lose his paternal inheritance. If a free person's ox happens to gore another free person on the street so that the person dies, there is no cause of action. Bookmark them as necessary on your computer. Usually, a stele was taller than it was wide and was placed in a public location.
Dieter Viel, University Press of America, 2012 A harsh and unequal law Each law consists of a potential case followed by a prescribed verdict. How would you summarize the aims of Hammurabi's judicial system? The Code of Hammurabi refers to a set of rules or laws enacted by the Babylonian King Hammurabi reign 1792-1750 B. How would you account for this shift? In the context of a religious ceremony, the Stele could function as idol as well as document. The code governed the people living in his fast-growing empire. Students may also be interested in seeing where the borders of Babylonia fall in terms of the through a comparison with , both available through a link from.
Why place the stele near temples? Hammurabi's most enduring accomplishment was the erection of a cone-shaped pillar, a stele, more than seven feet tall, with a circumference of about five feet at the top, gradually increasing to over six feet at the base. If the person is a slave, the owner shall pay sixteen grams of silver to the surgeon. The Code of Law The actual code of law was divided up into groupings. The hypothesis might begin with the following words: Hammurabi may have had his code written and placed near temples because … Ask students to share some of their hypotheses with the class. If a free man's wife wishes to divorce him, the man may divorce her and give her no settlement.