Cognitive development theory Suggests that individuals try to pattern their lives and experiences to form a reasonably consistent picture of their beliefs, actions, and values. Mortality rate The number of deaths per thousand in a population. Sect An exclusive, highly cohesive group of ascetic religious believers. They usually form an economic unit, and adult members care for the dependent children. Self-fulfilling prophecy A belief or prediction about a person or situation that influences that person or situation in such a way that the belief or prediction comes true.
The classic works in this area retain their value as the most comprehensive statements on the various aspects of status processes. Relative status is a major factor in determining the way people behave toward each other see. Wherever their money comes from, both segments of the upper class are exceptionally rich. Achieved status is earned based on merit; ascribed status is given to us by virtue of birth; and master status is the social status we view as the most important. Edited by Irving Louis Horowitz, 305—324. To prepare us for this discussion, the facilitator had us list five important parts of our identity he meant status, but did not use this sociological term. Ritualism In anomie theory, a form of deviance in which individuals lose sight of socially valued goals but conform closely to socially prescribed means.
This coordination harmonises the social relations. Economic growth An increase in the amount of goods and services produced with the same amount of labor and resources. Game A form of play involving competitive or cooperative interaction in which the outcome is determined by physical skill, strength, strategy, or chance. Symbolic interaction Interaction that relies on shared symbols such as language. Has some formal doctrines, beliefs, and practices, but tolerates diverse religious views. Economy and Society: An outline of interpretive sociology. Underground economy Exchanges of goods and services that occur outside the arena of the normal, regulated economy and therefore escape official record keeping.
Tracking The practice of grouping students by ability, curriculum, or both. Role exit The process of leaving a role that is central to one's identity and building an identity in a new role while also taking into account one's prior role. Focusing on the transition from and their effects on society, he developed a theory of social order centered on the economic structure of society and the social relations involved in the production of goods. The facilitator mentioned that the one item on the list that remains is usually the status that causes us the most distress. Intragenerational mobility A vertical change of social status experienced by an individual within his or her own lifetime.
Democracy A form of political organization in which power resides with the people and is exercised by them. In a social group, every member has a status role position. There are three types of social statuses. The last item left on my list was mom. Sport A form of game in which the outcome is affected by physical skill. Proposition A statement about how variables are related to each other. Context of socialization The setting or arena within which socialization occurs.
The celebration of heroes: Prestige as a social control system. Though both of Mike's parents studied law and international business, Mike always knew that he'd be a surgeon. As a result of status the society is divided into various groups, 6. Exchange A form of social interaction involving trade of tangibles objects or intangibles sentiments between individuals. Differentiation, functional The division of labor or of social roles within a society or an organization.
Some of the items fit multiple categories and their categorization can change over time. What does social status mean? They live in exclusive neighborhoods, gather at expensive social clubs, and send their children to the finest schools. Technological determinism The belief that technological development shapes social life in rather fixed ways. Double standard A set of social norms that allows males greater freedom of sexual expression, particularly before marriage, than females. For example, I have reached a point where I am older than most of my students, and I no longer get questions from the older students about my age.
Noting the nearly universal impulse of humans to invidiously compare themselves to their peers, Veblen emphasizes the importance of conspicuous consumption and leisure. Such a status may be given by birth or by placement in a social group. If you can not identify a master status, why do you think that is? The disadvantages of common conceptions of social class is that they lack clarity — although most of us have heard of social class and have some idea of what it means to be a member of a social class, exactly what constitutes middle or working class, for example, is subjective and varies from person to person. Ascribed status is more stable and more rigid. Unit of analysis Who or what is being studied in a piece of social research.