Gandhi fought against the caste system in India. How was the caste system organized in Ancient India: This caste system was very well organized in the ancient period and it was so simple that there was no problem with orthodoxy. However, its politics has lots of corruption allegations and discriminations on the basis of caste, sex, and even religion. The Vaisyas did the trade and commerce. As per the Hindu theologies, it is said that this system came into existence with Brahma, the Hindu God who is known as the creator of the universe. Primary cultural practices include religious practices that entail Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam, etc.
An avid reader, a fashion junkie, nature lover, adventure freak and a travel enthusiast are some of the other terms that describe her. He observes, since majorities make a Government in democracies, many small groups must join to form a majority in a constituency. Gradually, this system became hereditary and numerous sub-castes issued forth. The Brahmins are visible deities. I think this is the only biggest problem India is facing other wise India is the greatest country with the minimal problems that any country faces. There are also the untouchables who are considered as outcaste and perform occupations like skinning dead animals and scavenging.
As such, citizens remain under oppression under the caste system. A Brahmin is entitled to whatever exists in the world. Lack of a strong and powerful agrarian movement was the cause of failure in the quest to destroy the caste system under the British rule in India. According to the Evolutionary theory, the caste system did not come into existence all of a sudden or at particular date. The Kshatriyas also did the works of trade and commerce. Yet, ever after 71 years of independence the Government has failed to truly uplift the backward sections properly.
Thus there was no dispute regarding trade. Hence, Jati means a group which is based on birth. The Shudras were allotted the duty of serving the above three castes. Caste and Political Leadership : Caste has been emerging as a factor in the process of leadership recruitment. Under present conditions the rigidity of castes caused much oppression and injustice to the weaker sections of society. The third group is of those people who have a peculiar endowment to produce wealth and to engage themselves trade, commerce, banking etc. The second in the hierarchy are kshatriyas comprising mainly warriors and rulers and believed to have originated from Brahmas arms.
Caste-related violence has also been witnessed by the country after independence. Acts That Ban Caste System In order to make sure that the mandates laid by the constitution are fulfilled, a number of other acts were also passed in order to put an end to the discriminatory and exploitive practices against the lower classes. Megasthenes, the Greek traveler in the third century B. Modern Trends in the Caste System in India : i Reformist Movement : Many Indian writers who studied western literature in details were impressed by progressive ideas of English writers and they started a movement to promote brotherhood of mankind. Those professions which were regarded as better and respectable made the persons who performed them superior to those who were engaged in dirty professions. So industrialisation has helped in removing the inequalities based on caste, creed or colour to a great extent. We find casteism persisting in government services.
Reddys in Andhra Pradesh and Jats vs. The Indian constitution has abolished the system of untouchables. These are followed by Vaishyas or merchants. The Shudras were neglected and treated as untouchables. Therefore, the Indian wedding culture slackens the pace of development in the country. National interests are overlooked in the course of giving importance to caste interests. Politically, India is one of the populous democracies of the world.
The same is applied under Article 332 in state assemblies and Article 243D and Article 340T in the local self-government bodies. Today, this system has become the basis of reservation in education and jobs. The Sudras could not study the sacred literature. The idea is that living a virtuous life guarantees birth into a higher caste in a subsequent life. Feeding the Brahmins is one of the acknowledged ways of enjoying religious merit. Economists term it as division of labour. Inter caste marriages are also encouraged today.
There is no physical difference between a Brahmin, a Rajput and for that matter a Chamar. After independence, the primary objective of the reservation was to who were the most marginalised. To understand the manner in which caste is assuming significance in the present-day polity, we will have to go beyond the village studies of the 1960s and the lndo-logical treatises based on sacred texts. So when you go to such college to take an admission and you will have to pay a huge amount of fees then only you will get an admission. The caste system, or Varna, of India, came about when the Aryan speaking Nomadic groups came to India about 1500B. Since the 1950s, political power has been shifting.
It decides civil and criminal matters. The Indian term for caste is jati, and generally designates a group that can vary in size from a handful to many thousands. But politicians have twisted it to suit their own ends. They wanted to establish discipline in their own society. The perspective formed centuries ago was especially common among the scholars from the British colonial era. We find mention in our holy scriptures of the existence of a caste system, even in those remote periods, when the Persians and Aryans lived together in Central Asia.