These High Courts would be become the precursors to the High Courts in the modern day India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh. His office would be considered to have been vacated if he is appointed as a judge of the Supreme Court or is transferred to some other High Court. Thus Delhi, a Union Territory, has a separate High Court of its own while the Madras High Court has jurisdiction over Pondicherry, the Kerala High Court over Lakshadweep and Mumbai High Court over Dadra and Nagar Haveli, the Kolkata High Court over Andaman and Nicobar Islands, the Punjab High court over Chandigarh. The Supreme Court held by majority that a Judge of High Court could be transferred under Article 222 1 without his consent. The president either approves the names or returns the names for reconsideration of the Supreme Court. An overwhelming majority of them attended law school and worked as a lawyer or served as a judge prior to their nomination. The of or The Hon is also used during office.
It consists of a Chief Justice and several other judges. Original Jurisdiction The High Courts at the three presidency towns of Bombay, Calcutta and Madras had an original jurisdiction, both civil and criminal, over cases arising within the respective presidency towns. The Senate must vote to confirm the candidate. However, most Justices tend to begin their tenure while in their 40s or 50s and may remain with the court as long as they wish or until they are impeached for improper behavior. Neither the Supreme Court nor the Legislature can deprive a High Court of its power of punishing contempt of itself. Who is eligible to apply? He must not be over 62 years of age. There is also higher judicial exam conducted for direct appointment as district judge , where the eligibility is 7 years law practice after registration in Bar Council.
They have a basic salary of Rs. This provision ensures that the judges remain insulated from any kind of political pressure or influence. The said substitution shall be deemed always to have been so substituted with effect from the 21 st day of August, 2002. It is only Parliament which can do it. You will get here complete detail about Rajasthan High Court Civil Judge application procedure, important dates, application fees, age limit, qualification, number of vacancies, pay scale and important links. Power of Superintendence The High Court has the power of superintendence over all courts and tribunals throughout its territorial Jurisdiction, except military tribunals. Service Conditions : The age of retirement in respect of the Judges of the High Court stands at 65 years.
Above all, it has the bench jurisdiction in which the most important and burning cases of the state are settled. All the basic questions regarding law will be asked. The Constitution, accordingly, provided that the High Courts would retain their existing jurisdiction and any future law that was to be made by the Legislatures. Most Supreme Court nominees are personal acquaintances of the sitting President. The procedure of appointing the Judges of the High Courts in India is slightly different from the appointment of the Judges of the Supreme Court. Appellate Jurisdiction The High Court is the highest court in the state of Tamil Nadu.
Besides, the President has the power to appoint additional judges for a temporary period not exceeding two years, for the clearance of arrears of work in High Court and an acting judge, when a permanent judge of the High Court is temporarily absent or unable to perform his duties or is appointed to act temporarily as Chief Justice. Restriction after retirement: Article 220 prohibits a person who has held the office of a permanent Judge of a High Court to plead, from acting or pleading in any court or before any authority in India except the Supreme Court and the other High Courts. Composition of High Courts : i Every High Court shall consists of a Chief Justice and such other judges as the President of India may from time to time appoint. Formerly, High Court judges could only be appointed from among of at least 10 years' standing. High Court judges, as with other judges, are appointed on open competition. By resignation in writing and adressed to the President 2.
Most training programs last between a few months and one year. It has appellate jurisdiction in both civil and criminal cases. This power of superintendence is a very wide power in as much as it extends to all courts as well as tribunals within the State, whether such court or tribunal is subject to the appellate jurisdiction of the High Court or not. In the matter of appointment of a Judge other than the Chief Justice he may consult even the Chief Justice of the High Court concerned. But neither an additional nor an acting Judge can hold office beyond the age of 62 years by 15th Amendment Act age of retirement raised from 60 to 62. Due to deteriorating weather conditions, President Judge Kim Berkeley Clark has ordered the closure of all divisions of the Allegheny County Court of Common Pleas, Allegheny County magisterial district courts, and Pittsburgh Municipal Court tomorrow, January 30, 2019. But the Supreme Court observed that the general principle is that in absence of a legal, contractual or constitutional bar, a prospective resignation can be withdrawn at any time before it becomes effective, when it becomes effective when it operates to terminate the employment or the office tenure of the resignor.
In making the appointment, the President shall consult the Chief Justice of India, the Governor of the State and also the Chief Justice of that High Court in the matter of appointment of a Judge other than the Chief Justice. However, employment opportunities are much greater for those who hold law degrees and have passed a state bar examination. Qualification of High Court Judges Article 217 2 of the constitutions lays person shall not be qualified for appointment as a Judge of a High Court unless he is a citizen of India, and: a Has for ten years held a judicial office in the territory of India, or b Has for at least for ten years been an advocate of High Court or of two more such courts in succession. The Collegium recommends the names to the law ministry which after scrutinizing send the paper to the president. However, the resignation was to be effective from 1st August, 1979, after his leave were to expire on 31.
The Judges however are barred from pleading or acting in a court except at the Supreme Court or a High Court other than the one in which he held office. State govt has no interference in administrative pay , promotion , transfer of judges matters so they are insulated from political pressures. When there is a vacancy on the court, it is the job of the President to nominate a suitable candidate. Archived from on 21 February 2009. Law school usually takes three years to complete, during which time students learn all aspects of the American legal system. A judge of a High Court may also be removed like a judge of the Supreme Court. The appellant filed a petition under Article 226 and contended that the resignation being duly communicated in accordance with the provisions of Article 217 1 a , was final and Irrevocable.