Materials handling engineer must have basic criteria for selecting a handling system of adequate monetary pay back, if all other things are equal. Amount of return on investment must justify the proposed handling system. This can be achieved only if we have sufficient data related to the damages e. Such automated industrial trucks also have anti-collision technology that senses when an employee or other obstacle is near. Planning Principle Establish a plan to include basic requirements, desirable options, and the consideration of contingencies for all material handling and storage activities.
This is the effect of all preceding activities. Picking up the load, 2. Here the goods are transferred from the or election to the shipping or outbound area. This study may help in reducing travel time and space requirements. In any industry materials handling is of following 3 types: 1. Therefore the personnel cost in material handling is usually high.
Products are packaged to prevent damage while moving. There should not be any other problem created by the new system proposed to be implemented. Therefore main objective of materials handling engineer is to reduce product cost the one overall goal. Preventive maintenance periodic and planned is cheaper than emergency maintenance. Space Utilization Principle Make effective utilization of all cubic space. The industries, supermarket, offices, construction projects and the banks—all are engaged in moving things. Determine the time taken for the movement.
Ergonomic Principle Recognize human capabilities and limitations by designing material handling equipment and procedures for effective interaction with the people using the system. Different types of industrial trucks can be characterized by whether or not they have forks for handling pallets, provide powered or require manual lifting and travel capabilities, allow the operator to ride on the truck or require that the operator walk with the truck during travel, provide load stacking capability, and whether or not they can operate in narrow aisles. Provide automation to include production, handling and storage functions. Power: Enough power should be available to do the job. Improvement in Working Conditions : a Safety aspects: Safety of men, material and associated equipment not only prevents loss of money but also enhances the moral of workers. Non-value added activities are considered major wastes and should be eliminated or at the very least minimized under a lean philosophy. Reduce damage due to materials handling and thus saves expenditure due to scrap and rework.
Cost of material handling systems can be grouped into two categories: the cost of ownership of the system includes the initial purchase price and the subsequent maintenance costs and the cost of operation of the system includes cost of training personnel to use the system safely, energy cost and other direct and indirect costs associated with the use of the system. By analyzing the goals of the material handling process and aligning them to guidelines, such as the , a properly designed system will improve customer service, reduce inventory, shorten delivery time, and lower overall handling costs in manufacturing, distribution and transportation. Gravity Principle: Utilize gravity where possible. Determine volume expected to be handled per unit time by the new system. In the table below, principles of materials handling are given, and against each of them activities necessary for implementing the principle are indicated.
This enables high morale and lower workers turnover. Consider installation, setup, programming, training, testing, repair, etc. By following the systems approach, materials handling engineer must achieve the follow ing: 1. The plan should be developed in a team approach, with input from consultants, suppliers and end users, as well as from management, engineering, information systems, finance and operations. Mechanisation Principle: For increasing efficiency use mechanised handling equipment but to the desired extent only. The materials handling time and cost can be reduced by proper selection, operation, maintenance and layout of these handling devices. It will help in selection of alternate arrangements that best integrate resources and capabilities.
Yet many people have little knowledge of how complex material handling can be and how it can influence operating margins. Material handling is highly labor intensive as compared to any other operations in a warehouse. These are the main sources of good customer service. Ecology Principle Minimize adverse effects on the environment when selecting material handling equipment and procedures. Areas of consideration should include capital investment, installation, setup, programming, training, system testing, operation, maintenance and repair, reuse value and ultimate disposal. Material Load Oriented Systems: a Unit handling system.
There are several types of equipment available, whose suitability depends on several factors like nature of job, load capacity, ease of operation, speed of operation, space available etc. Selection activity basically involves selecting different materials and is grouped to meet the , customer demand. The investment in material handling is normally soaring in most of the retail stores. The majority of storage equipment refers to pallets, shelves or racks onto which materials may be stacked in an orderly manner to await transportation or consumption. Material Handling Principles — 10 Steps to Create Effective Working Conditions Material Handling is any process that involves moving, controlling, protecting, or storing materials throughout the manufacturing process. In the current competitive and globalized environment, it is important to control cost and reduce time in material handling. Flexibility Principle Use methods and equipment which can perform a variety of tasks under a variety of operating conditions.
Effective layout means minimum handling operations. Material handling often gets short-changed when it comes to budget allocations and process design. Material Handling Manual material handling ranges from movement of raw material, work in progress, finished goods, rejected, scraps, packing material, etc. System Flow Principle Integrate data flow with the physical material flow in handling and storage. Also, be consistent in your processes to minimize confusion and errors. If you work in a material handling occupation, it is important that you know the principles of material handling. Equipment Selection Principle: Select equipment very carefully considering all aspects of materials, movements, and the method.
Systemize Movement and storage of materials should become coordinated and integrated into every step of the manufacturing process. Processes make employees aware and accountable of the expectations for efficiency. Materials handling equipment is not production machinery, but is auxiliary equipment that improves the flow of material which in turn reduces stoppages in production machines and thus increases their production. It will reduce or eliminate the need to count or track the material physically. Objectives of Materials Handling 3. Material handling equipment is mechanical equipment used for the movement, storage, control and protection of materials, goods and products throughout the process of manufacturing, distribution, consumption and disposal. This was simply due to lack of awareness on the part of management.