Explain briefly the factors which led to the enclosures in England. They believed that with the help of machines the richer farmers and big landlords would encourage enclosure movement. Answer:- The factors that led to the enclosures in England were primarily profit-based. With one of these machines, 500 acres of wheat could be harvested in two weeks. It supplemented their meagre income, sustained their cattle and helped them tide over bad times when the crops failed. The commons provided some source of livelihood during off seasons when farm work was not available.
People began migrating to urban areas in search of jobs. Why were threshing machines opposed by the poor in England? The English bought tea from China and the Chinese bought opium from them. Over 800 million acres were covered with forest and 600 million acres were covered with grassland. This system was beneficial for a labourer because it provided additional sources of livelihood. Also, the dust storms of the 1930s could in a way be traced back to the zealous large-scale ploughing of land with the help of these advanced machines. This was a measure to ensure that everyone had a mix of good and bad land.
Can you suggest how enclosures must have affected the lives of women and children? Explain briefly what the open field system meant to rural people in eighteenth-century England. Write a paragraph on why the British insisted on farmers growing opium in India? Government of England reacted very severely against the actions ofparticipants of the movement. Wheat supply from Russia was cut off. Hence, there was nothing that England could offer to the Chinese in exchange for tea, except money. The white settlers moved westwards as this area held a lot of promise.
There should be a governmental check on how much land is cultivated. These suffocated the people and cattle leading to their death, and clogged the machines and the tractors and damaged them beyond repair. Answer The demand of food grains increased due to the following reasons: English population increased rapidly between 1750 to 1900. To build resources of state, they imposed regular system of land revenue, increase revenue rate and expand area under cultivation. Why were Indian farmers reluctant to grow opium? Previously, labourers had lived with the landowners, doing odd jobs around the farm. How was production of food grains increased rapidly after 1780 in England? Indians resisted but were forced to sign treaties to give their land and more westward.
This disrupted trade and the import of food grains from Europe. What was the occupation of the Native Americans? After 9 years, the area expanded to 74 million acres about 65%. The open field system was not beneficial for the rich farmer because he could not have exclusive control of the commons. Food production increased in 19th century because: i More lands were brought under cultivation. During the First World War, the wheat market boomed. The Demand for Wheat : From the late 19th century onwards there was a population increase.
The agricultural system of England changed dramatically over the late 18th and the early 19th century. Here they pastured their cows and grazed their sheeps. At the beginning of each year, at a public meeting, each villager was allocated a number of strips to cultivate. Thus, farmers needed to pay back the loan they had taken from banks to buy these machines, and the farmers had no money. In the rural areas of Bengal and Bihar, there were large numbers of poor peasants.
Indian farmers were provided advances to produce opium. What was the major consequence of the Opium War 1837-1842? Chenese rulers did not allow the entry of foreign trader in China , hence trade had to be done in silver coins or buliions for the foreign traders. Explain briefly the factors which led to the enclosures in England. It supplemented their meagre income, sustained their cattle and helped them tide over bad times when the crops failed. These unequal treaties forced China to open up for trade with foreign merchants.
It was unaffordable for cultivators to grow opium at that price. Traders were selling opium directly to China. The British traders had a negative balance of payment with China because while tea became popular in Britain, England in the late 18th century produced nothing which they could trade to China i. Ans: With 'Enclosures' the poor farmer lost his customary rights to graze his cattle etc. Trade in opium was illegal because the Chinese Emperor had forbidden its production and sale except for medicinal purposes.
They live by hunting, gathering and fishing, other cultivated corn, tobacco, pumpkin etc. However, Farmers began agitating against and refuse advances. The Introduction of Inventions : New technology was introduced which aimed at increasing production. Till the middle of eighteenth century the enclosure movement proceeded very slowly. Remember, there could be more than one change in a country.