Education needs to be managed in an atmosphere of utmost intellectual rigour, seriousness of purpose and, at the same time, of freedom essential for innovation and creativity. To improve management structure of education, Indian Education Service will be constituted. A unique Investment: Education is a unique investment in the present and the future for all round development of nation in all its manifestations. De-culturisation, de-humanisation and alienation must be avoided at all costs. Promotion of link of other languages:- Many multi language dictionaries and glossaries will be published to promote link between different languages. Common Educational structure : It envisages a common educational structure i. Minorities: Greater attention will be focused on education of the minorities for promotion of social justice and equality.
The universal character of universities and other institution; of higher education is to be understood for promoting a sense of national identity and mobility. Acculturating role- Progressive role : - Independence of mind and spirit. National Policy on Education: Feature 1. Recognising the impact of early years to the development of a child the policy makes room for early childhood care and education through the Integrated Child Development Services programme. Resources: Investment of education will be gradually increased to reach a level of expenditure of of National Income as early as possible.
National curricular framework: - Contains a common core along with other components that are flexible. Development of Human Resource or Man-power 3. Some of the aims are: 1. Hilly and desert districts, remote and inaccessible areas and islands will be provided adequate institutional infrastructure. So, institutions and programmes of Gandhian Basic Education will be supported. The increase in the number of seats was part of the government efforts to increase the access to quality education for the student, especially from rural areas. It is also the substrata on which research and development flourish, being the ultimate guarantee of national self-reliance.
There is a need for low prices books and improvement in library management as well as additional libraries. Meeting the Future Complexities and Needs: The future is uncertain, yet it is replete with a barrage of challenges and complexities. The policy expanded the system with the , which had been created in 1985. Besides, there shall be the provision for vocational education for them to make them self-reliant. Secondary Education : i Values of Secondary Education ii It begins to expose pupils to the differentiated roles of science, humanities and so sciences.
To promote this objective, the link language has to be developed and programmes of translating books from one language to another and publishing multi-lingual dictionaries and glossaries should be implemented. For this, adult schools, libraries, distance education, T. Due attention will also be paid to the specialised disciplines of Fine Arts, Museology, Folklore, etc. The focal points of this university are as under: i To promote Open University and distance education system. As a measure for implementation, the programme of Action has also favoured and recommended Open Universities System to provide higher education through non-formal channel.
This takes care of varying admission standards in these programmes and helps in maintenance of professional standards. Its activities will be provided in accordance with needs, interests and abilities of students. Corporal punishment is to be firmly excluded from the teaching system. Though the universities are providing education through this media, but there was a great demand for an open university. Essence and Role of Education :- i. Whether new policy will create class difference? Women Education New Education Policy gave special emphasis to Women Education. To sustain and carry forward the cultural tradition, the role of old masters, who train pupils through traditional modes will be supported and recognised.
Measures will be taken to improve the quality of books,to improve the quality of books, promote the reading habits andpromote the reading habits and encourage creative writing. According to the Policy the highest priority will be placed on solving the problem of dropouts, and ensuring retention at the school level. Methods of teaching will be supplemented by audio-visual aids and electronic gadgets. It will function through appropriate Committees and other mechanisms created to ensure contact with, and co-ordination among, the various areas of Human Resource Development. At least two teachers, one of them a woman, should work in every school, the number increasing as early as possible to one teacher per class. Tertiary level courses will be organised for the youths who completes higher secondary stage of the academic stream and may require vocational courses. The success of this experiment encouraged other universities to take up instructions through the distance education.
This structure has now been accepted in all parts of the country. Appropriate formal and non-formal programmes of technical education will be devised for the benefit of women, the economically and socially weaker sections and the physically handicapped. National system of education: - i. Variety of Programme Distance education provides variety programmes according to the needs of the learners. Scholarships, hostel facilities, adult education programmes are being introduced. Such value education should help eliminate violence, fatalism, religious fanaticism and superstition. अर्थात समाज के कुछ अनपढ़ बुजुर्गों के द्वारा यह अफवाहें फैला दी गई है की शिक्षा प्राप्ति उपर्युक्त विषम वर्गों के लिए नहीं है.
National System of Education : It aims at providing national system of education which implies that up to a given level, all students irrespective of caste, creed, location or sex have access to education of a comparable quality. Hill, desert and remote areas will be provided with adequate institutional infrastructure. Teaching is not limited to the curriculum but it is a source of developing nationalcurriculum but it is a source of developing national unity, cultural preservation and indication of moral,unity, cultural preservation and indication of moral, social and ethical values. Day care s will be provided as a support service for universalisation of primary education. Although the decision to adopt Hindi as the national language had proven controversial, the policy called for use and learning of Hindi to be encouraged uniformly to promote a common language for all Indians. Teachers should have the freedom to innovate, to devise appropriate methods of communication and activities relevant to the needs and capabilities of and the concerns of the community.
Education is not considered within the fourerected. Every effort will be made to extend science education to the vast numbers who have remained outside the pale of formal education. Besides, the scheme also provides, among other things, to meet cost of salary and incentives for teachers, setting up of resource rooms, carrying out assessment of disabled children, training of teachers, and removal of architectural barriers in schools, development and production of special instructional material for them. Technical and Management Education: The reorganization of technical and management education should take into account the anticipated scenario by the turn of the century, with special reference to the likely changes in economy, social environment, production and management processes, the rapid expansion of knowledge and the great advances in science and technology. Priorities of Educational Reforms: The nation, as a whole, assumes the responsibility of providing research support for implementing programmes of educational transformation, reducing disparities, universalization of elementary education, adult literacy, scientific and technological research, etc. Resource persons in the community, irrespective of their formal educational qualifications, will be invited to contribute to the cultural enrichment of education, employing both the literate and oral traditions of communication. Starting at the primary and secondary levels with inculcation of consciousness about the looming crisis due to expansion of population, educational programmes should actively motivate and inform youth and adults about family planning and responsible parenthood.