The report of the Commission was approved by the Government. But it may be said that his success was not complete. The vernacular press Act posted by Lord Litton in 1878 imposed several conditions on the news papers of regional languages Ripon repealed the vernacular press Act, in 1881. It is now in Turkmenistan. At Ajmeer he established a college which came to be known after him as Mayo College. Amir Sher Ali was at that time very eager to enter into friendly relations with the British. Burma like Afghanistan had to surrender to the imperialistic expansionism of the British.
Lord Lytton, 1876-80 : The Governor-General and Viceroy who took over from Lord Northbrook was the nominee of the British Prime Minister Disraeli. This peculiar policy of Lawrence is known as the policy of masterly inactivity. While the report fully endorsed the policy of 1854, it particularly pointed out that primary education had not made sufficient progress. As a result of the British occupation of these areas of Burma, the latter was cut off from direct access to the seas for which the Burmese became dependent on the British. East India Railway was opened between Calcutta and Allahabad in 1861. Negotiation between Russia and Afghanistan began on this basis.
Prior to that, the final draft of Codes of Civil and Criminal Procedure was ready in 1861. Lord Ripon was a , who served as Provincial Grand Master of the West Riding and Deputy Grand Master of the from 1861 to 1869, and ultimately as Grand Master from 1870 until his conversion to in 1874, following which he was generous in supporting Catholic educational and charitable works. Lord Northbrook was in favour of helping Sher Ali, but the British Government in England did not support his view. For the death of a huge number of people both the Bengal government and Sir John Lawrence were equally responsible. By spread of education Ripon sought to create responsible citizens among the Indians. Although Lord Mayo was not agreeable to directly enter into a friendly agreement with Sher Ali, the latter was very much pleased at the amiable and sympathetic attitude of Lord Mayo.
The British government in England began to put pressure on the Indian government to conquer the rest of Burma. The system of Divided Heads started by Ripon remained operative till it was modified by the Reforms of 1919. Ripon had the ability to handle the problems - civil or administrative with ease without antagonizing people and the officials. Lord Ripon also repealed the Vernacular Press Act. Rippon introduced local self governments in India. India under The Viceroys Contd. The Law member, Sir Courtney Ilbert, introduced a bill banning the protected status of the white and seeking equality of all subjects, native or otherwise, in the eye of law.
He also insisted on the election of local bodies as against selection by the government. The ultimate decision with regard to affiliation or disaffiliation of colleges was now vested in the government. Repeal of Vernacular Press Act: The vernacular press Act passed by Lord Lytton had imposed restrictions upon the newspapers published in Indian languages. It was on the suggestion of Lord Lytton to Disraeli that Queen Victoria was invested with the title of Kaiser-i-Hind i. They also suggested that it was better to end the English rule in India than to allow the English to be subjected to the Indian Judges and Magistrates.
Ripon had the ability to handle the problems — civil or administrative with ease without antagonizing people and the officials. This naturally gave rise to a competition among these Powers including Britain. Dufferin sent an ultimatum to Thebaw in which demands for suspension of the realisation of the fine from the Bombay-Burma Trading Company and putting one British Resident in the Court of Thebaw were made. Sinha was appointed the Governor of Bengal. Many wealthy people who had deposited their fortunes with the Bank of Bombay were financially ruined.
New India or India in Transition. He transferred the capital from Calcutta to Delhi in 1911. It was also provided that dangerous machines must be properly fenced to avoid accidents. War: Anglo-Nepal war and Third Anglo-Maratha war. In 1878 Lord Lytton in order to put a stop to the criticism of the British government passed the infamous Vernacular Press Act by which publication of anything that might create hatred against the British government by the vernacular news papers was prohibited. The most vocal opponents of the bill were British tea and indigo plantation owners in Bengal, led by one Griffith Evans, The issue of Indian judges vs English subjects became a serious matter and even the British press joined the issue and made a mountain out of a mole hill.
This gave right and enthusiasm to all the vernacular press. Complete authority over all of British India was granted in 1833 and the official became known as the Governor-General of India. So that their members were not sufficiently acquitted with the needs of the people of different localities. The Burmese were naturally suspicious of the ultimate intentions of the British who had occupied the lower part of their country. Lord Northbrook 1872 — 1876 : Involved in Kuka Movement of Punjab. Ripon's administration was particularly marked by the most controversial Ilbert Bill issue. But Lord Canning remained unperturbed by all this unmerited criticism.
His liberal attitude was not supported by a section of the British officers who wanted exemplary punishment for all persons directly or indirectly connected with the revolt. I own one but use it occasionally. It was Ripon who laid the foundations of the system which functions today. Lord Hastings 1813 — 1823 : Adopted the policy of Intervention and war. It was made obligatory on the part of the government officials to take steps for arranging adequate relief to the famine-stricken. But Lytton added a new condition that Sher Ali would have to accept a British Resident at Kabul. In , the Ripon Street was named for him.