But we do not intend to stay behind, and in this decade, we shall make up and move ahead. The second main purpose of this effort is revealed in the statements he continues with, that the exploration of space is going to be a costly and dangerous effort. The audience of the citizens is clear by the geographic location where the speech took place, Rice University in Texas. The choice of Texas is significant because it is a state that the president did not carry in the election of 1960, and he wanted to show that the country was unified behind him even if they did not necessarily vote for him. Again, in the Cold War context, such a challenge was strongly appealing. But if I were to say, my fellow citizens, that we shall send to the moon, 240,000 miles away from the control station in Houston, a giant rocket more than 300 feet tall, the length of this football field, made of new metal alloys, some of which have not yet been invented, capable of standing heat and stresses several times more than have ever been experienced, fitted together with a precision better than the finest watch, carrying all the equipment needed for propulsion, guidance, control, communications, food and survival, on an untried mission, to an unknown celestial body, and then return it safely to earth, re-entering the atmosphere at speeds of over 25,000 miles per hour, causing heat about half that of the temperature of the sun--almost as hot as it is here today--and do all this, and do it right, and do it first before this decade is out--then we must be bold.
Next, Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin became the first person in space on April 12, 1961; American astronaut Alan Shepherd became the second man in space a month later. The audience that Kennedy is addressing consist of scientist, professors, students and the general public. Bell, scientists, distinguished guests, and ladies and gentlemen: I appreciate your president having made me an honorary visiting professor, and I will assure you that my first lecture will be very brief. He specifically asked him to investigate whether the United States could beat the Soviet Union in putting a laboratory in space, or orbiting a man around the Moon, or landing a man on the Moon, and to find out what such a project would cost. Despite the striking fact that most of the scientists that the world has ever known are alive and working today, despite the fact that this Nation's own scientific manpower is doubling every 12 years in a rate of growth more than three times that of our population as a whole -- despite that, the vast stretches of the unknown and the unanswered and the unfinished still far outstrip our collective comprehension.
Because it was an informative speech. He intended to galvanize support in the United States behind the national space program while at the same time, intimidating the Soviet Union. And this will be done in the decade of the sixties. President Kennedy utilizes parallelism in his speech to persuade his audience that making progress in technology to speed up the process of travelling to the moon is a good idea. In short, our leadership in science and in industry, our hopes for peace and security, our obligations to ourselves as well as others, all require us to make this effort, to solve these mysteries, to solve them for the good of all men, and to become the world's leading space-faring nation. We have seen the site where five F-1 rocket engines, each one as powerful as all eight engines of the Saturn combined, will be clustered together to make the advanced Saturn missile, assembled in a new building to be built at Cape Canaveral as tall as a 48 story structure, as wide as a city block, and as long as two lengths of this field.
The students will analyze the similarities and the differences between the novel, written nearly seventy years before the actual landing took place, and the primary source document from the New York Times. The printing press came this year, and then less than two months ago, during this whole 50-year span of human history, the steam engine provided a new source of power. I am delighted to be here and I'm particularly delighted to be here on this occasion. Despite the striking fact that most of the scientists that the world has ever known are alive and working today, despite the fact that this Nation's own scientific manpower is doubling every 12 years in a rate of growth more than three times that of our population as a whole, despite that, the vast stretches of the unknown and the unanswered and the unfinished still far outstrip our collective comprehension. And finally, the space effort itself, while still in its infancy, has already created a great number of new companies, and tens of thousands of new jobs.
Bell, scientists, distinguished guests, and ladies and gentlemen: I appreciate your president having made me an honorary visiting professor, and I will assure you that my first lecture will be very brief. Only five years ago man learned to write and use a cart with wheels. This section presents some of John F. For the eyes of the world now look into space, to the moon and to the planets beyond, and we have vowed that we shall not see it governed by a hostile flag of conquest, but by a banner of freedom and peace. Kennedy makes acceptable use of the space that has been provided for him, remaining at his podium yet shifting in position and stance. I am delighted to be here and I'm particularly delighted to be here on this occasion.
These units were developed to enable students to understand, summarize, and analyze original texts of historical and literary significance. Finally, the appeal to the American Dream is part of pathos. Why choose this as our goal? After his verbal vow to the people to better his country, he goes on to say that the United States must examine both sides of the problem and to reconsider all possible outcomes and possibilities. Rather than claim it as essential, he emphasized the benefits such an endeavor could provide — uniting the nation and the competitive aspect of it. As we are quite familiar with in our contemporary political environment, telling people that they will be giving more to the state through taxes, especially for something that does not directly and tangibly impact their daily lives, is an unpopular action. And I am delighted that this university is playing a part in putting a man on the moon as part of a great national effort of the United States of America. By listing these advancements in mankind, Kennedy shows the audience his knowledge and gives them another reason to trust what he is saying.
Its conquest deserves the best of all mankind, and its opportunity for peaceful cooperation many never come again. While his rhetorical purpose for the Communist leadership was to frighten, the purpose to the American audience was to put muscle behind the tough stance the United States had taken against Russia. In a press conference on August 22, 1962, reporters asked about the situation. Kennedy uttered these words during the height of the Space Race. No man can fully grasp how far and how fast we have come, but condense, if you will, the 50,000 years of man's recorded history in a time span of but a half-century. What could otherwise be an incredibly moving or persuasive speech might fall completely short if it is presented in a sub-par or non-persuasive manner.
His audience of the American people, especially Republicans, were well represented and spoken to in his speech. In 1957, Russia successfully launched the first artificial satellite, this had started the space age and the United States of America and the U. He took advantage of the opportunity to deliver a speech to drum up support for the nation's space effort. What was once the furthest outpost on the old frontier of the West will be the furthest outpost on the new frontier of science and space. But it will be done. So it is not surprising that some would have us stay where we are a little longer to rest, to wait. It will be done during the terms of office of some of the people who sit here on this platform.
The accuracy of that shot is comparable to firing a missile from Cape Canaveral and dropping it in this stadium between the 40-yard lines. Such an ideological framing, especially in the Cold War context, circumvented and delegitimized any criticisms against American space exploration. No man can fully grasp how far and how fast we have come, but condense, if you will, the 50,000 years of man¹s recorded history in a time span of but a half-century. Vice President, Governor, Congressman Thomas, Senator Wiley, and Congressman Miller, Mr. Kennedy is thus framing this challenge around the American character; if we as a nation cannot achieve what we are known for achieving, then has become of us? If you like this idea, you will like Rice.
Kennedy told the world that America was ready, America was going to do it first and America would reach for the moon never looking back. They will use these key words and their own words to answer the question in each box of the organizer. The speech did not stem a rising tide of disquiet about the Moon landing effort. Since then, Rice has beaten Texas in 1965 and 1994. Some 40 of them were made in the United States of America and they were far more sophisticated and supplied far more knowledge to the people of the world than those of the Soviet Union. President Obama on the 16th January 2013 signed 23 executive orders all regarding gun control and urged congress make serious changes to that involving not only guns but also ammunition.