There is a chance that crime rates would decrease and the kids could make a big turn around and become successful adults. In the absence of play ground facility, the children start playing in the streets and eventually form a gang and the behaviour of the person is mostly influenced by the gang and so he develops delinquent tendencies. The juvenile justice system is a network of agencies that deal with juveniles whose conduct has come in conflict with the law. The serious crimes are usually thought to be problems of the urban city, but this is no longer a problem just for the inner city. Many of these juvenile criminals also said to have been abused or neglected. In some cases they are waivered into the adult system automatically such as in homicide cases. These unique circumstances make juveniles a special case.
The juvenile court was formed in 1899 with the belief that the government needs to play a more active role in the rehabilitation of juveniles. Community Corrections A community correction is something that an individual receives for a crime they have committed. This will be agreed on depending on the crime you commit. Although judges spoke with the offending children and decided upon the punishment, the lack of established rules and poor rehabilitation led to unfair treatment. All those factors and others imply that the juvenile justice system should be coherently different from the adult criminal justice system. The offender learns that antisocial behaviors have consequences.
For violent delinquents, 53%were arrested as adults. To kiss the little doll with love or play with the toy cars… that type of childhood is out of fashion by now. First, the informality of juvenile proceedings was seen as good in that justice could be tailored to the needs of individual youth. Delinquents tend to be shy, selfish, hasty, and less able to delay the satisfaction of desires. For an institution to quality as a total institution, the totality of the care that is provided in the institutions must be reflected in the round the clock confinement of the residents including holidays and weekends Shoemaker, 2009. Children from poor homes also do not get scope for education as they have to supplement the earning of their parents.
A criminal is a criminal no matter what age or gender. Merril made a comparative study of the average intelligence of the delinquents and non-delinquents. What is meant here is the fact that, unlike adult offenders, juveniles have larger options in this regard. They should have learned something from the treatment they had. Thus, juvenile offenders should be punished more severely to deter other teenagers from committing crimes and for the safety of all citizens.
Bortner and Williams 1997 define a total institution as a physical location such as a prison or a reformatory where all the total needs of the residents are met. In other words, Kent or his counsel should. There is a communication gap and a generation gap. In the field of sociology, it is taken into account that not only does psychological difficulties affect delinquency, but more importantly societal influences. The 34 chronic offenders averaged 142 crimes, which was nearly 10 times the criminal activity of other delinquents, and this group imposed 5 to 8 times the victimization costs of nonchronic offenders. Joint family system has now become a dream. Each delinquent child tries to fulfil his needs in an anti-social manner.
He pays attention to the recent changes which took place in political and legal culture of the United States. There are very different outlooks when it comes to curfews. Hiring and Training Staffing ratios must meet the individual codes of the location. Many in the society believe that punishment should be exemplary so that others will not dare to commit it. Understanding that juveniles hold different emotional, safety, social and physical requirements from adult offenders, guidelines requiring certified juveniles to get placements in divergent setting other than adult prisons and jails is paramount.
Citizens are spending tons of money trying to fight the problem on their own. My feeling is that if one troubled teen is helped then it is all worth while. For centuries, philosophers, law makers, court systems, child advocates, and critics have struggled to define justice for juveniles, they are constantly seeking to improve the concept but still have no clear cut or definite answer to justify their punishment. However, the concern regarding the unfairly treatment and placing of juveniles led to the establishment of the house of refuge. Most importantly was the multidimensional approach towards the child, tailoring rehabilitation programs which best fit his specific situation. This act was the most sweeping change in juvenile justice since the founding of the juvenile court.
For violent and chronic delinquents, over 63% were arrested as adults. In some cases, however, young offenders were tried in criminal courts, as some still happens today. This is also true if the father is not in the home or part of their lives or if their parents are in to drugs. Multiple juvenile delinquency rehabilitation programs have been put into place in attempt to remove kids from paths that lead to violence and crime. Because of rigid discipline all his wishes and desires are suppressed and restrained. Journal of Early Adolescence, 11, 56-95.