Professional buyers purchase most or all of the products sold at your stores. Further below are a few advantages of , which will help the student, point out how these terms differ from each other. Final word The number one point cutting costs with centralization brings us to the one big drawback of centralization: response times. Occasional pressure of extra clerical work is handled with the existing staff. Reliance on the Manager: Decentralized organization has to place undue reliance on the efficiency of the divisional managers. New York: Marshall Cavendish, p. A centralized corporate trainer typically has expertise in designing, developing and implementing effective training programs.
External factors make this difficult, such as company wide strikes. Delegation only thrusts authority on individuals, and overlooks aspects such as motivation and will to achieve the task. The need for decentralisation is felt when the business grows in its size which necessiates diversification of office activities. Development of the Managerial Personnel As the business grows in size, it requires the services of a large number of managers and here decentralization provides a training ground for the would-be managers. Need more specialists-In decentralisation more specialists are needed. Advantages of Centralization of Authority The various advantages of Centralisation of Authority are : 1.
In order to take major decision very strictly, the power is retained by the top management. This is radically different from the standard centralized model of ecommerce, and it has both costs and benefits. Centralization is an approach to management and organizational structure in business in which important decisions are made by a small number of company leaders, often in a centralized headquarters. Improve security Security is most effective when you can quickly account for all of your digital assets. Basically, each user becomes their own server. Cenratisatioh of authority in pure sense of the term is not found.
This helps the subordinates to do the work in the manner best suited for their department. Some people think that centralization is better while others are in favor of decentralization. Office cost is reduced as it does not emphasizes on more specialists, and more departmental machines and equipment. Often in meeting their new profit plans, bring conflicts among managers. Unlike, decentralization is the systematic delegation of authority in an organization. Decentralization is wider in scope and the subordinates responsibility increase in this case.
Decentralization shares the burden of the top level managers. It crests more employment opportunities because new managers are to be entrusted with new assignments. Political Science Quarterly, 3 592. Problem of Co-Ordination: Decentralisation of authority creates problems of co-ordination as authority lies dispersed widely throughout the organisation. Decentralization is a common trait of forward-thinking organizations. Flat Structure: — It is such a structure that comprises few hierarchal levels along with broader span of control. For example, manager A in a company is given the authority to buy certain material worth Rs.
In a very large and diversified organization, it is unlikely that a handful of people will possess all the resources to achieve all goals and objectives of the enterprise. Advantages of Centralization The most apparent advantages of centralization are an organization's ability to closely control operations, provide a uniform set of policies, practices and procedures throughout the organization, and better use the knowledge of centralized experts. Communication Flow Vertical Open and Free Decision Making Slow Comparatively faster Advantage Proper coordination and Leadership Sharing of burden and responsibility Power of decision making Lies with the top management. The term has a variety of meanings in several fields. Making trade free is the purpose of OpenBazaar. Require Qualified Personnel: Decentralisation becomes useless when there are no qualified and competent personnel.
It walks you through steps to accelerate your career in becoming a leader in your company. If it is a young and a small it may be better to have centralized authority. Develop initiative among subordinates: Passing of authority at middle and lower level shows the trust and faith of top level in their subordinates and this trust and faith motivate the employees working at different levels as they are allowed to take decisions without seeking the approval of superiors. In fact, this position has brought disrepute to the term centralization in modern management set-up. A server is just a name for another computer.
This helps front line managers and workers know what to expect and prevents some of the frustration that can come from constantly changing decision patterns. This helps maintain a consistent brand image and provides that customers coming to the organization or store in various locations can generally get the same experience or see the same result of the decision. No Secrecy—Secrecy is not possible in centralised set up organisation because here orders and decisions flow from one place and are conveyed to all. In addition, businesses can benefit from economies of scale with respect to internal transactions. On the other hand, full fledge decentralization is an indicator of no control over the activities of subordinates. Better data, in turn, helps the company improve business functions, sales and marketing. Zheng and his advisers ended feudalism in China by setting up new laws and regulations under a centralized and bureaucratic government with a rigid centralization of authority.