On April 15, Breuer called upon his colleague the psychiatrist Richard von Krafft-Ebing for a second opinion. He had wished that Irma's poor condition was not his fault and the dream had fulfilled this wish by informing him that another doctor was at fault. This chapter is concerned with the status of Freud's theorizing during his collaboration with Carl Jung, and with the mutual influence of each thinker on the other in the years following their estrangement. By 1895, according to Borch- Jacobsen, there has been a reinterpretation and re-selection of aspects of the case in order to bring it in line with Freud's other case histories in Studies in Hysteria. After his passing her symptoms grew to affect her vision, a loss of ability to focus her attention, more extreme , and a number of attempts. The superego develops during early childhood when the child and is responsible for ensuring moral standards are followed.
In 1907, Jung visits Freud in Vienna and writes The Psychology of Dementia Praecox. Sigmund Freud emphasized the importance of the unconscious mind, and a primary assumption of Freudian theory is that the unconscious mind governs behavior to a greater degree than people suspect. Psychological review, 102 1 , 4. Freud sought to understand the nature and variety of these illnesses by retracing the sexual history of his patients. For some years he engaged a young man named Sigmund Freud to work in his laboratory at the university of Vienna, and it was Freud who eventually managed to persuade him to publish the details of Anna's illness and treatment. Psychoanalysis continues to take it on the chin. How Pappenheim herself assessed the success of her treatment is not documented.
Her description therein of 'simultaneous urges to remain loyal to the dead and to turn towards new ties with the living' may perhaps reflect her own mourning process after her father's recent death. There was opposition, for example, to girls receiving secondary education. At the time this work was authored, hysteria was a general term, which encompassed a wide array of mental illnesses. However, Freud thought this unimportant, believing in only a qualitative difference between people. In addition to the sources already mentioned, the. Además del de Anna O. The story of Anna O.
The case of Anna O. Freud first published Theory on Dreams in 1899. During the 1970s she was concerned with the problems of emotionally deprived and socially disadvantaged children, and she studied deviations and delays in development. The patient had lost use of both her legs in what was seen as a form pf paralysis. That evening, after all her symptoms were overcome, he was again called to her, and found her confused and writhing with abdominal cramps.
However, they would come to different conclusions about the origin of these problems and the method by which she should be treated. He gave her both sympathy and interest, even though, to begin with, he did not know how to help her. Actually, more of this type of opinionating would have enlivened his book. I can agree with portions from all of the doctors and their theories. After the Burlinghams moved into the same apartment block as the Freuds in 1929 she became, in effect, the children's stepparent. The manifest content is often based on the events of the day. Freud seems to have responded immediately to Jung's intellectual passion, his brilliance, and his originality -- all qualities he missed in his Viennese disciples.
If this is true, we may have come full circle. All behavior has a cause usually unconscious , even slips of the tongue. Opponents of psychoanalysis use this statement as an argument against this therapeutic approach. Her right arm, over the back of the chair, had gone to sleep, and had become anaesthetic and paretic; and when she looked at it the fingers turned into little snakes with death's heads the nails. When Breuer approached Anna's bedside with an apparently obsessive interest in the tiniest details of her behaviour, he was displaying the most objective and enlightened stance available to a medical man of his time, not to mention a great deal of patience and devotion. Or is it just piling on? Among her symptoms, she was at one time unable to speak in her native German, but could still read both French and Italian, translating them aloud into English as she did so.
Bertha Pappenheim presumably never heard of this wicked tale, which was long confined to the inner circle of Freud's followers. Despite her illness, Pappenheim was a strong personality. Bertha Pappenheim referred to as Anna O. She acquainted German-Jewish ladies with convictions and issues raised by women's liberation. Few if any psychotherapists these days believe, like Breuer, that prompting patients to recall trivial events from the recent past will alleviate psychosomatic symptoms. From the first, Ferenczi's letters display a rather obsequious devotion to Feud's personality and theories.
She was a lively child with a reputation for mischief. Breuer's history of Anna O has given rise to a tremendous amount of debate. However, Freud was not just advancing an explanation of a particular illness. At lunch afterwards, Freud offers hearty and seemingly friendly criticism of Jung and then drops into a faint, in the same room where he had passed out prior to the 1909 trip to Clark University with Jung and Ferenczi. Psychoanalytic Notes on an Autobiographical Account of a Case of Paranoia. The theory of erotic and aggressive transference illustrated by the Freud-Jung relationship is, in my view, the key to understanding the importance of each man for the other.