Each Member State should formulate and apply national policies aimed at increasing the efficacy of education in all its forms and strengthening its contribution to international understanding and co-operation, to the maintenance and development of a just peace, to the establishment of social justice, to respect for and application of human rights and fundamental freedoms, and to the eradication of the prejudices, misconceptions, inequalities and all forms of injustice which hinder the achievement of these aims. Education is that aspect of human being's phenomenal existence having the capacity to lift his mind to transcendental heights, above the humdrum of narrow self-perception of everyday life. Children should be taught to believe and feel that they belong together to a world of which they are citizens and that this world is one and indivisible. Finally, some ways in which international and comparative educational research can make a difference are suggested. In the words of Pt. Education which in this respect must necessarily be of an interdisciplinary nature should relate to such problems as: a equality of rights of peoples, and the right of peoples to self-determination; b the maintenance of peace; different types of war and their causes and effects; disarmament; the inadmissibility of using science and technology for warlike purposes and their use for the purposes of peace and progress; the nature and effect of economic, cultural and political relations between countries and the importance of international law for these relations, particularly for the maintenance of peace; c action to ensure the exercise and observance of human rights, including those of refugees; racialism and its eradication; the fight against discrimination in its various forms; d economic growth and social development and their relation to social justice; colonialism and decolonization; ways and means of assisting developing countries; the struggle against illiteracy; the campaign against disease and famine; the fight for a better quality of life and the highest attainable standard of health; population growth and related questions; e the use, management and conservation of natural resources, pollution of the environment; f preservation of the cultural heritage of mankind; g the role and methods of action of the United Nations system in efforts to solve such problems and possibilities for strengthening and furthering its action. Why are Global and Education and International Education Important? Today, the social studies should include a world centered treatment of humankind.
One section considers another section as inferior. The peace process in Northern Ireland has been hailed, variously, as the successful resolution to one of the world's most intractable conflicts, and as a failed attempt to reconcile the conflicting claims of the two main ethnonationalist communities. Multicultural education is a closely related approach that explores the interactions among differing cultures within a political region. Variation in Language : There are several obstacles in the way of national integration of our country. The Secretariat is run by a Deputy General Secretary appointed by the Executive Board in consultation with the General Secretary. In 1956 the states were reorganized on linguistic basis. Lifestyles and a common language ; the promotion of economic interdependence; the narrowing of the gap between the elites and the masses, the urban and rural areas, rich and poor, etc social integration ; the resolution of emergent conflicts; and the sharing of mutual experiences so that people can discover that they have undergone some important experiences together.
Interacting with civil society and academia and facilitating information exchange among related organizations are also managed by the office. Particular aspects of learning, training and action Ethical and civic aspects 10. Principle of Action: Mere theoretical knowledge is not enough if this is not translated into action. But the inhabitants of this village because of historical reasons even today are separate universes and more often than not behave as strangers to each other. This philosophy coupled with concern for living a peaceful existence has informed the thinking of the Indian society. Central to this process is the existence of a civic environment which permits the responsible exchange and debate of information and ideas.
India is a multi-lingual country. They should be encouraged to practice tolerance, mutual help and respect for others. When regionalism is linked with language and religion it creates regional interests rather than national interests. The former is a broader concept that encompasses the latter. A teacher can make the following contributions towards international understanding:- i Broad Outlook The teacher must have broad outlook among his students.
The Internet is one tool. The geographical inaccessibility has disappeared and the world has become a global village. Toleration, co-operation and feeling of brotherhood should guide us in maintaining the national unity of our country. One sees secularism as neutrality of the state towards religions. The impact of changes on life in near-by areas also would be explored, and comparisons could be drawn to world population patterns.
National identification requires the willingness to perceive oneself as a member of a national community, or to feel a sense of belonging to a country. In the Indian Union the states have been organized on the linguistic basis. The long and tortuous history of human race is full of triumph of spirit over adversity due to natural and man-made causes. History should be taught objectively and with a cultural bias. Steps should be taken to develop the study of those sciences and disciplines, which are directly related to the exercise of the increasingly varied duties and responsibilities involved in international relations.
Social studies efforts have fallen short by presenting a fragmentary view of the world. The fruit of development is not the sole monopoly of one nation. These groups used their thinking for knowing the external world and developed science and technology, and through their search of the internal world and spiritual pursuits came out with different religions. The evolution of life on Earth has been a slow process and it is estimated that the time scale of the evolution process is comparable to the age of the Earth itself. Guidance is provided through all educational activities of school, but mainly through the teaclaing of the national language, social studies, geography, history, foreign languages, and moral education. The final section looks at critical thought in a corporate world, at critical professionalism, at academics as intellectuals, and at critical thinking for a learning society.
About 2000 languages are being spoken by various sections of the Indian society. A major contributor to this article appears to have a with its subject. The study of modern languages should be the study of modern people. Therefore, fear should be eliminated from the minds of men and national life by fostering mutual trust and goodwill among the people. It is the responsibility of the educational institution to generate a suitable atmosphere in which children can develop the feelings of oneness and world unity. In essence, we must learn to live together and develop the competencies needed tackle the social, environmental and economic challenges facing us in a rapidly changing, complex and unequal and conflicted world. Action should be on the following lines: a appropriate and constructive use should be made of the entire range of equipment and aids available, from textbooks to television, and of the new educational technology; b there should be a component of special mass media education in teaching to help the pupils to select and analyse the information conveyed by mass media ; c a global approach, comprising the introduction of international components, serving as a framework for presenting local and national aspects of different subjects and illustrating the scientific and cultural history of mankind, should be employed in textbooks and all other aids to learning, with due regard to the value of the visual arts and music as factors conducive to understanding between different cultures; d written and audio-visual materials of an interdisciplinary nature.