There are fewer areas of organizational disruption over time. For this reason, most firms prefer to use the duality of organizational structures to produce multiple products and services, therefore, saving on resources concurrently. His role will be more like a coordinator or an expediter. The matrix falls in the middle of the continuum, and can range from very weak to very strong depending on the relative balance of power. The matrix organization structure is a combination of two or more types of organizational structures, such as the projectized organization structure and the functional organization structure. The advantage of the product division structure is that a division would get full expertise in handling a specific product. One of the most obvious but also consequential disadvantages is that by having a structure, that prevents you from having a different structure.
In addition, convey the significance of the subject, otherwise there is no point to the essay. Increases difficulty of bring back into firm activities that now add value due to market shifts 4. In fact in a matrix there should be more accountability as accountabilities overlap. When project team finish, they dissolve? The principal need is for an organizational structure that can handle the great complexity of a multidisciplinary effort. Imagine that you have three departments in an organization. The best resources can be picked for the job at hand meaning you should get the expertise you need for your project. People can join a project team with relatively little onboarding required when the terminology and processes are common.
Specialists like to work with other specialists in the same discipline, and they will be better able to continually exchange ideas and information. In addition, infighting may occur between functional managers and cross-functional team managers who are each forced to compete for the time of the individual team members. Throughout the course of this paper it will be discussing the strengths on having a matrix structure executed in a business. This is a more democratic structure where the divisions are free to make their own decisions based on their analysis of the situations. In this manner, the various organizational structures can be described as a continuum where the three organizational forms functional, project, and matrix are a continuum ranging from functional on one end and pure project on the other figure 3, chapter 4.
Employees have to do their regular work along with the additional project-related work, which can exhaust them. This could create a psychological stress among these individuals as an element of uncertainty would always exist. Flat organization is lower cost because it has only few managers. For example, local marketing in geographical divisions and global product divisions. A matrix organization is a cross-functional work team that brings together individuals from different functional departments, product departments or divisions to accomplish a specific goal.
Corporations will find it exceedingly difficult to prevent power struggles from developing, but they must prevent them from reaching destructive lengths. There are separate chains of command and employees are generally accountable to more than one boss. The disadvantages here include more bureaucracy. His work appears on eHow, focusing on topics in history and culture. There are two types of management positions available. The strong matrix structure has a lot of the characteristics of a projectized organization. For example, a company that has a geographic organizational structure may take longer to communicate issues with other departments.
They should adopt the functional organization structure instead. There can be a loss of middle authority. These projects required rapid infusions of technological know-how and efficient processing of very large amounts of information. Accountability There will likely be more accountability in a business that has a matrix organizational structure. Matrix organizational structure example One matrix organizational structure example in application is when a firm adopts a couple of structures to make up for the weaknesses of each other. Related Reading: Advantages of Hybrid Organizational Structures Internal Complexity A disadvantage of the matrix structure is that it can result in internal complexity. A research matrix organization If the multidisciplinary need is really there, and if project management is necessary, then the matrix is a viable organizational solution.
His career progression would then be to project manager, which is an excellent path leading to top management. Other problems include the delivery of goods from one place to another. Not only is it not for everyone, but it cannot be guaranteed to work. In short, matrix organisations are hard to control. The strong matrix is one in which the balance of power is definitely on the side of project management.
They indicate that power struggles are inevitable in a matrix because it is different from the traditionally structured hierarchy. Organisational structure refers to the way that tasks and responsibilities are allocated to individuals and the ways that individuals are grouped together into offices, departments, and divisions. These changes can disrupt working relationships, and lead to start-up losses as working relationships are redefined. Some resources are needed only for a short duration. Project work is stretching, and returning to what you did before after a period working in a multidisciplinary environment on a new, challenging project isn't an appealing prospect for many people.