British Take Control In spite of the loyalty of the Sikh troops, conquered only eight years before, and of the Gurkhas, the British commander, Sir Colin Campbell, had a difficult task. The first war of Independence was mainly centered in the areas of Delhi, Awadh, Bihar, Rohilkhand and their neighboring territories. The war of Independence started in 1857. During the war, the country had been overrun by the Japanese. The British excluded the Indians from all high civil and military jobs. Lucknow : Lucknow was the capital of Awadh. This initial experiment with democratic empowerment at limited scale ultimately led to the introduction of full-fledged parliamentary democracy which was inherited by all the post-colonial countries of the Subcontinent.
The underlying causes were far more detrimental to the health of the union, the main cause being money. The Indian Rebellion of 1857 began as a mutiny of of the British 's army on 10 May, 1857, in the town of , and soon erupted into other mutinies and civilian rebellions largely in the and , with the major hostilities confined to present-day , , northern , and the region. The introduction of western education undermined the position of the traditional teachers and teaching methods in India. British Army, British Empire, British Raj 920 Words 3 Pages The Irish War of Independence Not all revolutions are won all of the time. Nominally the besieging force, they were themselves besieged by the mutineers, who made a daring attempt to intercept their train.
They ransacked and destroyed the city. New Laws The introduction of certain laws unsettled the mind of the Indians. Ill treatment of Indian Soldiers 2. The first war of Indian independence seriously crippled the British government in it's initial stages. With the onset of the the industrial revolution in England, many new industries came up and the dependance on Indian textiles came to an end. As a sinful world, warlike tendencies are found in all species.
Disgruntled Zamindars and Taluqdars The estates of many landlords were taken over by the East India Company when the native provinces came under the company's dominion. There was no unity among the freedom fighters. For both the Irish and. The enemies of the English spread rumors that in order to destroy religion of. There were six main centres of revolt in these regions namely Kanpur, Lucknow, Bareilly, Jhansi, Gwalior and Arrah in Bihar.
Thus they decided to support the British in the war of Independence. The arrival of more British reinforcements finally led to the defeat of the mutineers by John Nicholson, commander of the relief force. Its head, the Secretary of State for India, was entrusted with formulating Indian policy which was implemented by the Governor-General of India who gained a new ntitle, Viceroy of India. American Revolution, Boston Tea Party, British Empire 2304 Words 6 Pages know that in the Civil War, America lost the most men ever? The Meerut Mutiny May 9, 1857 marked the beginning of the Revolt of 1857. Between 1800and 1850 the rate of growth in New York was 750%.
Spread in limited areas One of the reasons of failure of first war of independence was that it was spread in limited areas. Then Gentle Annie returned to her place in triumph, driving before her not only the stolen strumpet but the pick of Mother Herrick's flock as well. The Sikhs were ruling over Punjab and after the Second Sikh War in 1848, the British gained control over the Indus. For six days there was desperate fighting. The reasons for the failure of this revolt are: 1.
The war on Saguntum was seen by Polybius to be just the first incident in the war. But paved way for modern nationalism. Role of Traitors The British succeeded in finding certain traitors in the ranks of the freedom fighters. The revolt of 1857 was the most severe outburst of anger and discontent accumulated in the hearts of various sections of the Indian society ever since the inception of British rule in Bengal, following the Battle of Plassey in 1757 and the Battle of Buxar. The introduction of railways, telegraphs and posts, though good for he society, gave birth to doubts and fear among the poorer and illiterate section of the society.
Larger Proportion of Indians in the British Army: in 1856, 2,38,000 Indian soldiers worked in British army as compared to 45,322 British Soldiers. This declaration created a great anger and disbelief against the British rule. Superior Technology of English Troops The British fought with latest weapons. Non-Cooperation of Sikhs and Punjab The Sikhs of the Province of Punjab considered the Muslims as their traditional enemies. All those people who previously depended on royal patronage for their livelihoods were rendered unemployed.
She is a manufacturing country; her manufacturers of various descriptions have existed for ages, and have never been able to be completed by any nation wherever fair play has been given to them. For both the Irish and. In the name of God by whatever name , more suffering has been inflicted than by any other man-made cause. The British managed to get the loyalty of the Sikhs, Afghans and the Gurkha regiments. Thousands of innocent people were massacred and hundreds were hanged. The Mughal Emperor, Bahadur Shah Zafar, was proclaimed Emperor of India. With the escape of Nana Sahib and the death of Bahadur Shah Zafar came the end of Peshwaship and the Mughal Rule.