So High Court can issue writs to any person, authority and govt for enforcement of an ordinary right of a citizen. . But this was omitted by Forty-Fourth Constitution Amendment Act. The opinion of the Court is pronounced in open Court. Supreme Court of India The Supreme Court of India is located in the city of Delhi and is the largest Jurisdictional body in India.
He is not entitled to vote. However, there have been suggestions from the judges of the Supreme Court of India to provide for a fixed term for the judges including the Chief Justice of India. The composition of the Supreme Court of India The Court currently consists of a Chief Justice and 31 judges. This power of superintendence is a very wide power in as much as it extends to all courts as well as tribunals within the State, whether such court or tribunal is subject to the appellate jurisdiction of the High Court or not. To Know the Information of High Court in your State, Visit: The Chief Justice of India image source: navbharattimes. This was struck down as unconstitutional by the supreme court, in the , as the new system would undermine the independence of the judiciary. In another case on 30th December, 1981 Supreme Court made it clear that a High Court judge may be transferred from one state to another without obtaining his consent, the only requirement being that there must be effective consultation and that the transfer must be in public interest and not by way of punishment.
His office would be considered to have been vacated if he is appointed as a judge of the Supreme Court or is transferred to some other High Court. Appellate Jurisdiction: The appellate jurisdiction of the High Courts extends so: a The High Court can hear appeals in civil cases if the amount involved in the case is at least Rs. Similarly there is one High Court at Guwahati which serves Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram and Nagaland. Know more about the Chief Justice of India as well as Supreme Court Case status and more from here. Primarily, it is an appellate court which takes up appeals against judgments of the provincial High Courts. However, this jurisdiction of High Court has been taken away in respect of Administrative Tribunals set up under Article 323A, by the administrative Tribunals Act. Chief Justice of a High Court is appointed by the President of India in consultation with the Chief Justice of India, whereas he appoints other Judges in consultation with the concerned Governor and Chief Justice of the High Court and also Chief Justice of India.
The judges are appointed by the governor in consultation with the state's high court. Original jurisdiction: The Constitution of India does not give a detailed description of the original jurisdiction of the High Court. According to the Constitution of India, the role of the Supreme Court is that of a federal court, guardian of the Constitution and the highest court of appeal. Powers and Functions Original Jurisdiction: The original jurisdiction of the High Court is restricted. This number 7 was raised to 10 in 1956, 13 in 1960, 17 in 1977 and 25 in 1985 Article 124. The main block of the building has been built on a triangular plot of 17 acres and has been designed in an by the chief architect , the first Indian to head the. Oath or Affirmation by Judges of High Courts 5.
On September 27, the apex court the issue of reconsideration of the observations in its 1994 judgment that a mosque was not integral to Islam which had arisen during the hearing of the Ayodhya land dispute. Even the Supreme Court has the authority to create any rule of government with the approval from the President of India. In its first years of operation, had a president of the Supreme Court and seven main judges, who used to witness each of the cases together, but progressively increasing the number of cases and thus had to begin to divide to serve them all, so since then each case attended by two or maximum three judges. Powers and Functions of the High Courts 6. As said earlier when the work in the High Court has increased, in order to cope with the increased volume of work, the President may appoint any qualified person as temporary judge. Original Jurisdiction: Cases which come directly to the supreme court are under its original jurisdiction and it settles disputes between Centre and State or Between States, Disputes concerning the election of the president and vice-president and the disputes arising out of the Implementation of Fundamental Rights.
These new high courts had the distinction of being the highest courts for all cases till the creation of under the. It can reconsider its own decisions provided that such review is in the interest of the community and justice. Powers and Functions Original Jurisdiction: The original jurisdiction of the High Court is restricted. It cannot be issued to compel an authority to do something against statutory provision. Revenue Courts Land revenue is an important source of income of the Government. A person appointed as a judge of a High Court must-take an oath of office in a prescribed form before the Governor of the Slate concerned.
The judgments can be challenged in the higher courts if the parties to the cases are not satisfied. After reading this essay you will learn about: 1. They are run by Article 141 of the Constitution of India. Under the Directive Principles of State Policy the slate has been directed to take steps for the separation of the executive from the judiciary. In some of the states this step has already been taken and executive has been separated from judiciary.
Archived from on 30 March 2013. Certain preconditions are: a That the case involves a substantial question of law of general importance; and b That in the opinion of the High Court the said question needs to be decided by the Supreme Court. Similarly procedure for the removal of a judge has been made complex and difficult, so that he is not afraid of the executive. The District and Sessions judge may pass any legal sentence but a death sentence is subject to confirmation by the High Court. Abstract Courts and Justice system in India The courts are divided into three categories with top court, middle court and lower court.