Atticus came to the door way. He regards the whole thing as an empty threat. Rather than congratulating Scout on her knowledge, Miss Caroline believes Scout is being taught incorrectly and tells her not to read at home anymore. Ewell's threat, and tells his worried children that Mr. . Tom explains that he was once convicted for fighting because he could not pay the fine that would have released him.
The implication is that young people intrinsically expect certain human freedoms and have a natural sense for freedom and justice, which they only become aware of when the adults in society begin trying to take such freedoms away. To avoid conflict, he takes on a fake persona, rather than speaking up or speaking out against injustice. As Atticus explains, the town authorities bend the law for the Ewells because they'll never change their ways - for instance, Mr. Radley's death, his older brother Nathan arrived to continue to watch over Boo and keep him inside and out of sight. Dill says he wants Boo to come out and sit with them for a while, as it might make the man feel better. He even mediates between Scout and Aunt Alexandra hoping for peace in the house. Jem and Scout went to his room and they were both in shock because that was the first time they had ever seen Atticus fight.
Raymond explains that he isn't a drunk after all, though many people think he is. Chapter 5 Jem and Dill have become closer friends, and Scout, being a girl, finds herself often excluded from their play. Aunt Alexandra and the children remain worried. They polish it up over the summer into a little dramatic reenactment of all the gossip they've heard about Boo and his family, including a scene using Calpurnia's scissors as a prop. Atticus makes him realize that though ideally, a jury should be fair, very often the members carry their prejudices into the courtroom and so their verdict is shadowed. Jem and Scout heard a grunt.
Scout, Jem, and Dill come to question these conventions as the story progresses. The Radley house is old, dark, closed-off, and uncivilized in contrast to the rest of the neighborhood: once white, it is now a slate-gray color, with rotten shingles, little sunlight, overgrown yards, and a closed door on Sundays. The note says that the children haven't been home since lunchtime. Analysis In these chapters, Scout and Jem continue to mature as they begin to understand the importance of respect and integrity. She also says that most of the rumors about him aren't true.
Ewell shows a lack of understanding for the ultimate possibility for evil inherent in some people. Farrow replies that there's nothing white people can do to change the inherent immoral nature of the black man. Hearing Atticus, who doesn't have preconceived notions about the way that women should behave, say something so silly is likely one source of Scout's laughter. The hours pass by and, eventually, the jury files back in. Atticus responds that men don't behave rationally in some situations, and will always take a white man's word over a black man's.
Courage is shown by different characters in varying ways throughout the novel. Merriweather was smack-talking Atticus, and Miss Maudie put her in her place. His views seem like the adult version of his children's views. Alexandra insisted from her corner that the Cunninghams were not the kind of people Finches associated with socially. Raymond and he offers Dill a sip of his drink. But it seems as if Tom had grown weary of the entire procedure, waiting for white men to do something for him, and so he himself took the chance to escape. Scout is happy to hear that it was Walter Cunningham's father.
Atticus couldn't promise Tom an acquittal so he didn't try to reassure Tom by giving him potentially false hope. Jem slapped her and punched her to the stomach which sent her to the ground. Miss Caroline is from the richer and more cultured North Alabama, and does not understand the country ways of Maycomb. Dolphus Raymond, whom they have bumped into outside the courtroom. Flick - and the house was still. Atticus tries to help Jem understand that any white man's word is more valued than the word of a black man.
Scout immediately felt like Jem was trying to tell her what to do just like everybody else was doing and she told Jem that he had no right to tell her what to do. Miss Maudie is honest in her speech and her ways, with a witty tongue, and Scout considers her a trusted friend. Glossary salt pork pork cured in salt; esp. This news inspires Scout to declare she's going to invite Walter Cunningham to dinner, but Aunt Alexandra forbids it. Jem and Atticus discuss the justice of executing men for rape.
Many families are still not letting their daughters date a dark skin. Jem is psychologically wounded by the results of the trial, feeling that his previously good opinion of the people of Maycomb and people in general has been seriously marred. A sympathetic voice behind them agrees that it makes him sick too - they turn to see Mr. She offered him a nickel the first time, but he refused payment, knowing that the family had no money. Upon hearing this revelation, Scout announces that she wants to invite young Walter Cunningham to dinner, but Aunt Alexandra expressly forbids it, telling her that the Finches do not associate with trash. In part, it seems that he is telling Dill this because he knows the children can sympathize with him; after all, Dill has just been crying over the injustices he has seen in the courtroom. She dutifully places the bug outside.
However, if an Ewell displayed similar behavior, he or she would not be excused so easily. To Kill a Mockingbird Chapters 23-31 Summary By Harper Lee Chapter 23 -Atticus reacts to Mr. When Scout asks what will happen if Tom loses, Atticus replies that Tom will go to the electric chair, as rape is a capital offense in Alabama. Scout was so impressed that she decided she'd invite home for lunch one day when school started again. Raymond is also married to a black woman and has mixed children. Grimes Everett's saintly behavior is apparently Mrs.