They get close to beating Atticus up, but then Scout and Jem make their presence known, causing the men to disperse. When Scout wants to know why Tom is in jail, Calpurnia tells her that he is accused of raping Bob Ewell's daughter. Jem and Scout rushed to greet Atticus and Scout asked Atticus if he brought her home a book and if he knew Aunt Alexandria was there. As punishment, Jem has to go to Mrs. Why does the congregation sings their hymns the way they do, instead of saving up for hymn-books? Realizing she had been so close to Boo, Scout is nearly struck down with terror. He is scholarly and wears glasses, where most fathers in their community hunt and fish. However, it is also clear that Atticus is a much more objective individual and is someone who does not buy into this racism.
Atticus strongly believes that Tom Robinson is innocence; however, he knows Tom's chances of winning are low since he is facing an all-white jury. She has a drunken father, no mother, and seven siblings. Mailer's home life is miserable. One woman seems to resent their presence, but the rest of the congregation welcomes them freely. Dill made up this long elaborate story about how he crossed the country on foot and was tied in chains etc. He makes a valiant attempt but succeeds only in making Scout cry.
When Atticus insists they disguise it, Scout and Jem put Miss Maudie's hat on its head and her hedge trimmers in its hands. Fire trucks arrive after that; unfortunately, they are unable to stop her house from burning down, but they do prevent other houses nearby from catching fire as well. Atticus is being called away from home more and more due to the Tom Robinson trial. He could be a great huntsman if he had chosen; however, he believes it is unfair to use this talent on lesser creatures. Atticus asked who started it and Scout said that Jem was trying to tell her what to do and asked sarcastically if she had to mind him too. This suggests that it is true because she gets so defensive. The section further reveals Atticus as the moral figurehead of the novel in the way he raises his children.
Simply because of their racial prejudice, the townspeople are prepared to accept the word of the cruel, ignorant Bob Ewell over that of a decent black man. In Chapter 10, Uncle Jack teaches Jem and Scout to shoot their air rifles. When he sings a line, the congregation listens and then sings the same line until the hymn is completed. Lee presents Lula's anger at Calpurnia and the children as wholly wrong—as just another form of prejudice. Calpurnia has to stay with the children and take full care of them in his absence.
But this strange change in Atticus makes Scout cry, and with relief he gives up. She said what happened was she told him that she would pay him a nickel to break up a dresser for her. Once her got to the house he hid under the bed for hours. When Scout goes to her room she discovers Dill hiding under her bed. Reverend Sykes mentions by name some parishioners who have had 'individual lapses from grace. Scout and Jem receive strange looks and comments from some members of the church due to their skin color. Dill says that they would buy him all sorts of stuff but never give him attention.
It is Calpurnia, however, who explains that with Helen's husband in jail, people do not want his wife to be their employee. The visit to the church brings Calpurnia to center stage in the novel. Dubose medicine as her fit begins. Scout kept out of his way after he told her that it was time she started behaving like a girl. Chapter 15 Analysis Chapter 15 embodies the fear of To Kill A Mockingbird.
While Atticus was gone, Cal stayed with Scout and Jem, and on Saturday Cal realized that Atticus hadn't made sure that Scout and Jem's teacher would be at their church on Sunday to make sure they behaved. Scout feels like people are against her, but when Dill returns she becomes more like herself again. Alexandra even forces Atticus to teach Scout and Jem about their family history. Jem and Scout heard a grunt. Scout does not look forward to this visit because Aunt Alexandra is very forthright in her rather traditional views of what a young girl should be. Scout realizes Tom Robinson is the man Atticus is defending, and asks what he did.
Jem joked that that must make the Ewells high class because they had lived behind the dump for 3 generations. Aunt Alexandria was shocked and Scout said that Calpurnia invited her to come to the house whenever she wanted and that Scout wanted to visit her that Sunday. In this section of the novel, things begin to shift in terms of plot. Dill represents adventure and carelessness. Scout sometimes goes with him, and she and Jem watch as Mrs. She tells the children that she plans to build a new, smaller house.
Her character serves as the bridge between two worlds, and the reader develops a sense of her double life, which is split between the Finch household and the black community. She orders Atticus to lecture them on the subject of their ancestry. Scout wanted to say that Calpurnia was a girl and could help her more than Alexandria could but she decided to be polite and say quiet. Scout immediately felt like Jem was trying to tell her what to do just like everybody else was doing and she told Jem that he had no right to tell her what to do. Then Scout asked if she could visit Cal at home sometime, and Cal said that she'd welcome her.
We find, for instance, that although one parishioner regards Scout and Jem as unwelcome visitors, the rest of the congregation accepts them with warmth and enthusiasm. They sit down and the trial begins with Mr. Jem said that yes he did and explained that Atticus had told him that Joshua S. While in attendance, the children overhear things about Tom Robinson and his case. Atticus takes Scout and Jem outside.