If not, hearken unto me: hold thy peace, and I shall teach thee wisdom. Yea, his soul draweth near unto the grave, and his life to the destroyers. He shall not be rich, neither shall his substance continue, neither shall he prolong the perfection thereof upon the earth. This article is part of the series. For the congregation of hypocrites shall be desolate, and fire shall consume the tabernacles of bribery.
He bindeth the floods from overflowing; and the thing that is hid bringeth he forth to light. He draweth also the mighty with his power: he riseth up, and no man is sure of life. Let us choose to us judgment: let us know among ourselves what is good. I am full of confusion; therefore see thou mine affliction; For it increaseth. Doth the eagle mount up at thy command, and make her nest on high? For thou hast said, My doctrine is pure, and I am clean in thine eyes. In chapters 1—2, Job proves the genuineness of his love for God: Job has no ulterior motives and treats God as his own reward. Therefore I will not refrain my mouth; I will speak in the anguish of my spirit; I will complain in the bitterness of my soul.
Thick clouds are a covering to him, that he seeth not; and he walketh in the circuit of heaven. Maybe God is not just or good, or, even worse, maybe God is incompetent at running the universe. I was not in safety, neither had I rest, neither was I quiet; yet trouble came. He keepeth back his soul from the pit, and his life from perishing by the sword. Therefore am I troubled at his presence: when I consider, I am afraid of him. Where may human beings learn the ways of God? I am as one mocked of his neighbour, who calleth upon God, and he answereth him: the just upright man is laughed to scorn.
If the author had been aware of these beliefs, surely the possibility of Job receiving his just reward after death would have been presented. Then was kindled the wrath of Elihu the son of Barachel the Buzite, of the kindred of Ram: against Job was his wrath kindled, because he justified himself rather than God. In addition, Satan's hatred of Job is explained on the basis of Job's having previously destroyed an idolatrous temple, and Job is portrayed in a much more heroic and traditionally faithful vein. For what is the hope of the hypocrite, though he hath gained, when God taketh away his soul? But where shall wisdom be found? We cannot always blame suffering and sin on our lifestyles. A fourth man, Elihu, tells Job he needs to humble himself and submit to God's use of trials to purify his life. Job's submission to God Summary Prologue Job, a man of great wealth living in the Land of Uz, is described by the narrator as an exemplary person of righteousness. Then Eliphaz the Temanite answered and said, Can a man be profitable unto God, as he that is wise may be profitable unto himself? I have sewed sackcloth upon my skin, and defiled my horn in the dust.
These questions occur in chapter 14. Oh that one might plead for a man with God, as a man pleadeth for his neighbour! The counsel of God is full of destruction; who can understand? The tabernacles of robbers prosper, and they that provoke God are secure; into whose hand God bringeth abundantly. Therefore Job must have sinned grievously. Hast not thou made an hedge about him, and about his house, and about all that he hath on every side? Canst thou bind the unicorn with his band in the furrow? On the other hand, the Talmud in Tractate Baba Batra 15a-16b goes to great lengths trying to ascertain when Job actually lived, citing many opinions and interpretations by the leading rabbinical sages. Bottom line: suck it up. Who hath divided a watercourse for the overflowing of waters, or a way for the lightning of thunder; To cause it to rain on the earth, where no man is; on the wilderness, wherein there is no man; To satisfy the desolate and waste ground; and to cause the bud of the tender herb to spring forth? He cometh forth like a flower, and is cut down: he fleeth also as a shadow, and continueth not.
If I covered my transgressions as Adam, by hiding mine iniquity in my bosom: Did I fear a great multitude, or did the contempt of families terrify me, that I kept silence, and went not out of the door? Moreover Job continued his parable, and said, As God liveth, who hath taken away my judgment; and the Almighty, who hath vexed my soul; All the while my breath is in me, and the spirit of God is in my nostrils; My lips shall not speak wickedness, nor my tongue utter deceit. Behold, my terror shall not make thee afraid, neither shall my hand be heavy upon thee. They conceive mischief, and bring forth vanity, and their belly prepareth deceit. For wrath killeth the foolish man, and envy slayeth the silly one. For he knoweth vain men: he seeth wickedness also; will he not then consider it? Nevertheless, our responsibility to God is to obey Him, to trust Him and to submit to His will, whether we understand it or not. Whether intentionally or not, this resolution is a brilliant literary device, for rather than answering the issue for the reader, it serves to make the book's essential more intense. The east wind carrieth him away, and he departeth: and as a storm hurleth him out of his place.
God simply appears and asserts His absolute power and sovereignty, and Job repents. He that is ready to slip with his feet is as a lamp despised in the thought of him that is at ease. They that hate thee shall be clothed with shame; and the dwelling place of the wicked shall come to nought. For he maketh small the drops of water: they pour down rain according to the vapour thereof: Which the clouds do drop and distil upon man abundantly. If I be wicked, woe unto me; and if I be righteous, yet will I not lift up my head.
Therefore he knoweth their works, and he overturneth them in the night, so that they are destroyed. Lo and behold, Satan comes out and challenges God on Job's goodness. Wilt thou hunt the prey for the lion? He shall deliver thee in six troubles: yea, in seven there shall no evil touch thee. Hide them in the dust together; and bind their faces in secret. Behold, this is the joy of his way, and out of the earth shall others grow. Wilt thou also disannul my judgment? However, there is a minority view among the rabbis that says Job never existed Midrash Genesis Rabbah 67; Talmud Bavli: Bava Batra 15a.
If Moses was the author, the date would be around 1440 B. What is man, that thou shouldest magnify him? Unto me men gave ear, and waited, and kept silence at my counsel. Thine own mouth condemneth thee, and not I: yea, thine own lips testify against thee. By his neesings a light doth shine, and his eyes are like the eyelids of the morning. He is wise in heart, and mighty in strength: who hath hardened himself against him, and hath prospered? And why dost thou not pardon my transgression, and take away mine iniquity? The righteous see it, and are glad: and the innocent laugh them to scorn. One of the chief virtues of the poetry in Job is its rhetoric.