The lack of rhyme reflects the common theme in life that appearances often don't portray reality. The ending of the poem sounds more cheerful than the rest of it does and leave readers with a feeling of hope, but that hope is laced with a feeling of unease. The first provides a lingering sense of hope. I hope you find the Challenge rewarding. If there's one thing that really got riled up it was chimney-sweeping. Blake instead wants the audience to focus on the people causing pain.
According to Blake, not only have this kid's parents abandoned him, but larger institutions, like the church, have too, because everybody's too focused on Heaven rather than their own front stoop. Make sure you like Beamingnotes Facebook page and subscribe to our newsletter so that we can keep in touch. In addition to this simple, but powerful critique, Blake's poem also gives a voice to a social group—poor, suffering, working children—who, in the later eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, weren't allowed to say much, but whose plight was worth publicizing for Blake. One version creates an impact and weakens the heart of the readers through its innocent take on the social injustice whereas the other version gives rise to a surge of protest against these evil agencies which exploit little children. The Innocence version is optimistic whereas the Experience version is dark and realistic where the child is shown to suffer from hopelessness. By doing so, Blake is creating a feeling that something is off.
A little black thing is something not immediately identified as a child, and the fact that it is black means it was dirty and forgotten. His father sold him as a chimney sweeper, making him little more than a slave. Blake shows a progression from ignorance to understanding, or rather innocence to experience. Instead of the parents society loving their child, they have abandoned him and now the religious institutions are receiving the love and monetary support on the back of the child's grueling labor and sacrifices. Despite his weeping he is able to constructively cope and analyze his situation. These coffins are the chimneys in which they are all condemned to die.
Here, heaven is not seen as the perfect place he will go when he is free of this world. Even deeper the lamb symbolizes the Christian theme of Christ's purity, sacrifice to humanity and temporal neglect of His Father. Like I previously stated, I'm mainly interested in building solid relationships. This helps to further increase the realistic nature of this poem. I would like to thnkx for that efforts you've got set in producing this weblog. Welcome to the A to Z Challenge! I'm glad that the analysis was still helpful though : faXpr said.
At the time of writing, these would have rhymed. William Blake creates sympathy and sharp awareness for chimney sweeper, Tom Dacre, who represents other neglected children in poverty, by introducing his personal tragedy at the beginning of the poem. Tom Dacre's imagination takes him on a lovely journey with his ultimate hope of being nurtured and cared for by His Father in Heaven. Thanks a lot Dianne Heath said. In a sense this last stanza is not just a conclusion but a separate stanza of its own. He is no longer innocent.
The next line is an indictment of organized religion and the government- for the parents have gone to praise God, the Priest, and their King, for essentially selling their child into a certain death. Tom and his friends can look forward to being at peace in heaven even though the hope of death is disturbing. Their longing for death is and is not childlike. His situation and suffering seems to be greater than himself. Although much greater recognition is given to poets like Wordsworth, Coleridge, Shelley, Keats for setting the Romantic trends in the history of English literature, one cannot totally ignore the contributions of Blake in the same regard as he was the one who sowed the seeds of Romanticism through his subjective poetry that vibrated with revolutionary zest and protest against the social evils present during his time that were practiced in the name of politics and religion.
He wants readers to focus on the content of the poem and not get lost in a complex rhyme scheme. He doesn't see through the eyes of child but instead has wisdom beyond his years. The child is also not given a name or gender although I will refer to the child as a male because his poor treatment can apply to many and the poem was intended to be relatable. Instead his parents are directly abusing and exploiting him. This little boy is unaware of the gross injustice being done to him. In this dark version, there is an underline of protest and the sense of being wronged is predominant in the speech of the little boy as he now realizes the unfairness of the society which has taken his innocence from him to exploit his labor to meet their selfish demands.
It is worth noticing that God has been shown in two completely different lights in these two versions of The Chimney Sweeper. He is soiled with work and despair. By being taught to be miserable, he gained experience and thus lost his innocence. The new version was called Songs of Innocence and Experience. Then in 1794 Blake expanded the book and included a whole new set of poems. The darkness represents the sadness. The child says that just because he has accepted the harshness of his life everyone thinks that they have not done him any wrong as he seems apparently content with the way things are because he still plays and sings.
And these institutions, which are supposed to bring good things and structure to the world, are implied as being the root of them, making up a heaven of misery. However this creates more compassion and heartbreak from the reader, as Tom's intense longing to be free from suffering is more evident. But all that bummer is in the name of pointing out an even bigger bummer. Death covers up happiness that he could have. Very much appreciate this commentary; incredibly helpful and very well done. The child tells the truth directly without any interruption from dreams or thoughts of being saved.