Consider two young men both of the highest intellectual capacity and deserving of admission into the nation's most prestigious institution. Lowering standards for under-represented groups raises the quality of the student body. The white student who possessed higher grades and test scores than a great percentage of other applicants. I plan to argue that many companies do not want to hire people of other races, ethnicities, or genders because they may not trust these people for various reasons. People from all walks of life shall be able to get hold of the job that way. Race-conscious programs betray Martin Luther King's dream of a color-blind community, and the heightened racial sensitivity they cause is a source of acrimony and tension instead of healing. Affirmative action gives preferential treatment based exclusively on race, which is a purely external characteristic.
Then when these non-minority workers go look for jobs they must be more skilled and qualified than the minority member just to get the job. An affirmative action program consists of action-oriented programs too. To understand the effects of affirmative action policies, looking for the disadvantages and advantages can really help What is Affirmative Action? For example, if two applicants one who is white and has 3. Private institutions have more freedom in their admissions practices. For nearly three decades, affirmative action has helped bring diversity to college campuses even as it raised troubling questions about merit and reverse bias.
But he or shee works hard, despite the conditions they live in. Affirmative action came to be due to a desire to bring minorities into institutions and professions that had traditionally been dominated by white males. This is not an attribute that is relevant to the academic mission of a college. If that is the case, why does affirmative action favor minorities over white males? In the 1990s, due to a widely assumed decline in discrimination, Sniderman, 1997 political discourse on civil rights has lost its moral urgency and has simply taken on the rationalized tone of legal decision makers. You are still thinking of the group as a whole and not respecting this individual for their qualifications, or lack there of.
If these white males have not personally participated in the particular discrimination in question, then they are considered innocent. This stigma had translated into questions about the competence of the minority to do their jobs. Read to know more 1. In other words, it gives everyone an equal playing field. Supreme Court has held that a desire to remedy the effects of societal discrimination is not a sufficient justification for race-based classifications, nor is a desire to provide nonwhite role models. Instead, a government entity that seeks to implement affirmative action must show that it has a history of past discrimination or perhaps that it has been a passive participant in societal discrimination, which the affirmative action program seek to remedy.
It will place low standards: Finally, affirmative action is something that will place low standards for education and employment everywhere all over America which could be a horrible thing to consider since the world is constantly changing and life must change in order for people to keep growing. Table of Contents Abstract ………………………………………………………………………………………. Affirmative action is mostly criticized for being unfair to white males who are displaced by the program, even though they have not themselves caused particular harm to minorities or women. Because of racial discrimination in the housing market, for example, black people are much more likely to live in neighbourhoods with concentrated poverty and have low levels of wealth than do white people of the same income. To be honest, both deserve to be there, but luck of the draw meant that only one could be accepted. These steps include training programs as well as educational and outreach efforts that target underrepresented populations. How can a program that is said to foster a more livable community where esteemed professionals do not exist still discriminate against other individuals? As it stands, a white male from the scenario you described in your post would not get preferential treatment, while a black or hispanic male would.
He also goes on to tell that affirmative action not just enables common people but also minority and women to get hold of jobs and cater to their own needs. Affirmative action also draws attention to past issues of racism and discrimination. Christopher's mother, unemployed and unable to care Over time the goals shifted from equality among the masses to diversity, which brings forth the issue at hand. The Civil Rights Act and Voting Rights Act are focused directly on racial discrimination in education, employment and voting. Unsurprisingly, at Harvard, 71% of the black and Latino students come from wealthy backgrounds. Taylor, 2000 Affirmative Action Defined Affirmative action has been defined and interpreted in many different ways.
One is being hired because of a law for the greater of the whole. An experienced attorney can assess your employer's program and help you figure out the best way to proceed. It enforces strict punishments on any person who is found guilty of assault against another person primarily based on race or sexual orientation, making people think twice before committing violence or act of hatred. Feel free to add comments or additional information. He did this through his Executive Order 10925, which is known as Affirmative Action.
Nebraska Advisory Committee to the U. The idea you proposed that Whites somehow are paying the consequence for things their ancestors did is respectfully invalid. She is completing her M. Affirmative action could be a speedier remedy. Protection from hatred: A final benefit you can derive out of affirmative action is that it protects you against hatred. Mostly, children of minorities would become subjected to violence, poverty and other disrupting acts, which greatly affect their education.
While it goes by different names in other countries, affirmative action is a government policy that is in some cases referred to as positive discrimination. In the absence of an effective intervention that could yield results quickly, it would be foolish to dismiss affirmative action because it runs counter to the idea of a meritocracy. This affirmative action program would help these minorities get treated more equally. Though this was implemented for the retribution for the sufferings endured over time by minorities. Even though the numbers with affirmative action plans seemed to have improved the percentage of minorities in schools and workplaces, it does not work to mandate that people change. They argue that diversity is good for educational institutions and workplaces, but suggest that decades of discrimination result in less diversity at school and work, which in turn reinforces poverty and inequality among minorities. Critics believe discrimination no longer needs to be viewed as a serious problem in this nation, and that what occurred in the past does not have any impact on the present.