Use subheadings to separate different types of stimuli if needed. On occasion, it is actually helpful to elaborate a bit on past studies. It should not exceed 50 characters, including punctuation and spacing. When in doubt about a detail, check with the. If there were multiple experiments, then each experiment may require a separate Methods section. The running head is a short title that appears at the top of pages of published articles. For example, As can be seen in Figure 3, during Block 4 of Session 2 such and such occurred.
Place a comma between their author's full last name and their first initials. The rest of the paragraph follows the period. New York: Worth Table There are various formats for tables, depending upon the information you wish to include. If you are using a word processor, you can have it put this manuscript page header on all pages automatically. Flush right, on same line: page number. Whereas one, two, or three can be helpful, four or five can be confusing.
Simply center the word Discussion and continue typing on the very next double-spaced line i. For example, consistently referring to a person as a him or he when it is just as likely for the person to be a she or a her, is sexist. You might try taking the lead sentences from the various sections of the manuscript and integrating them. General formatting rules are as follows: Do not put page breaks in between the introduction, method, results, and discussion sections. Think of different ways to summarize them describe , as well as to make sense of them analyze. In those circumstances, sometimes only an Introduction and Methods section, followed by References, is included that is, in cases where the research itself has not formally begun.
Another option is to use the main finding as the title, for example, Prenatal Alcohol Impairs Passive Avoidance Learning in Rats. Mean activity counts as a function of maternal diet and age of the rat at the time of testing. It summarizes a lot of the material available in the 5-th edition 2001 and is oriented toward undergraduate students. One hint in this regard is to avoid using action verbs in this section. It is placed in the upper right hand corner of all pages of the manuscript except for any figures. Second level headings are flush left and italicized. Do not type the word Introduction.
American Psychologist, 73 1 , 26. That is, first give a general description, then go into the details. Center the phrase Figure Captions at the top. It is used by the editors and reviewers to identify the pages of the manuscript. Which ones captured your attention right away? In other words, whatever was found needs to be discussed.
Type the word Apparatus flush with the left margin and italicize it. Again, you should check with your instructor, supervisor, or editor first. A good introduction will summarize, integrate, and critically evaluate the empirical knowledge in the relevant area s in a way that sets the stage for your study and why you conducted it. Examples include Some fact last name, year. Do describe the trends shown in the figure. You could describe a phenomenon, review an existing theory or present a new one. I'm an editor and I have to bite my tongue not to point out egregious errors in writing that I see every day, even in advertising! This paragraph should appear at the end of the introduction just before the actual body of the paper and is important because it lets the reader know the directions that the paper will take.
In some cases, the Author Note also contains an acknowledgment of any funding support and of any individuals that assisted with the research project. One-paragraph summary of the entire study — typically no more than 250 words in length and in many cases it is well shorter than that , the Abstract provides an overview of the study. This hypothesis makes complete sense, given all the other research that was presented. If you make a section break between the title page and the rest of the paper you can make the header different for those two parts of the manuscript. Materials labeled, flush left, bold Carefully describe any stimuli, questionnaires, and so forth. As another example, suppose that you compared drug use as determined from the results of a survey with memory ability and found a correlation greater use went along with poorer memory performance. This crisp, practical book should be the first stop for students new to writing about the science of psychology.
Degree Research Paper in this department is written about research that is currently being planned or is in progress. It typically consists of a couple of key words from the title. Whatever the kind of review, the goal is to organize, integrate, and evaluate previous research in order to clarify a particular problem or issue. Maybe you flesh out another section later in the day. Title page see sample on p. Collectively, these books provide a solid grounding in research from start to finish. This is particularly important, since the penalties for plagiarism are severe.
Perhaps these could be incorporated into the future research section, below. This is not the case. That is, instead of it's, use it is. Finally, the document is organized in an outline format for at least two reasons. You are also encouraged, when appropriate, to comment on the importance and relevance of your findings. For example, you might begin by defining any relevant terms. You should then described each study in considerable detail.